"Chinese" in Chinese

I know how to say the Chinese language in Chinese(中文). Also, Chinese can be either, "中国人," "中华," or simply, "中国." Though what's the difference between the three?

November 27, 2017


[deactivated user]

    中国人= Chinese Person 中华= Stylised way of saying China 中国= China. BTW, most native speakers (me included) refer to Chinese (the language) as 汉语. If you're describing something that is Chinese, then you should use a genitive adjective 中国的.

    华夏 is the Classical Chinese name for China.

    November 27, 2017

    Just an add on to Bill147479's comment: 语 means spoken language, and 文 is the written language. So:

    • 英语 - Spoken English
    • 英文 - Written English
    November 27, 2017

    The literal definitions are correct, but in the general uses in daily life they are basically interchangeable. I think it is strange and unnecessary to say something like 我会说英语,但不会写英文。

    However attention is needed for some cases:

    • 汉语,中文 are the right words to use; 汉文 is strange and 中语 would be very strange. 中国语 can be understood, but hey, that's the Japanese way.
    • ‎American English is 美式英语 or 美语,rarely called 美式英文 and never ever 美文.
    • ‎English speaking countries is 英语国家,never 英文国家
    • ‎For languages of regional rather than country-wide use, they are usually not called 文, e.g. 闽语,粤语. Beware of political correctness when needed.
    November 27, 2017

    你解释的很好啊,英文和英语其实没什么区别的 另外不是 闵语,是闽语,或者应该是闽南语

    November 29, 2017

    谢谢! 还有不好意思啦,打错了闽做闵!用拼音键盘还真容易出错…

    November 29, 2017

    English > Chinese |Byte Translator|

    Chinese ---> 中文 / 中华 China ---> 中国 Chinese People ---> 中国人

    Chinese > English |Byte Translator|

    中文 ---> Chinese 中华 ---> Chinese 中国 ---> China 中国人 ---> Chinese People

    Chinese + English | Byte |Tips & Notes||

    文 | 语 - common endings - related to languages - 语言 means language in Chinese

    国 - common ending - related to countries or nations - 国家 means country in Chinese - 国旗 means nation/country's flag

    人 - common ending - literally translates into 'person', 'human', or 'people' - when modified by a country's name, it means that country's people

    Created by FrenchByte, Chinese Speaker from Byte Translator and Byte Inc.

    November 28, 2017
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