How do you say THIS or THAT in Japanese? Understanding こそあど kosoado.
これ and この
English this and that can be expressed in Japanese as これ, あれ. These are used as pronouns.
e.g. これは わたしの ペンです。(This is my pen.)
これ それ あれ どれ
Kore sore are dore
There are other set of words called demonstratives, which works as adjectives modify nouns.
e.g. あの りんご (that apple)、どの ドア (which door)
この その あの どの
kono sono ano dono + [Noun]
Here are the difference in relative distance among the speaker and the listener using kosoado.
こ ko-series: Close to the person speaking
そ so-series: Close to the person listening
あ a-series: Far from both
ど do-series: Unknown
in what way
⁺ こちら can be used for polite way of saying “this person”
こっち そっち あっち どっち are more casual conversational expressions for the direction (こちら そちら あちら どちら).
Examples for Location, Direction and Manner:
・ここに おいて ください。
(kokoni oite kudasai. = Please put it right here.)
・トイレ は あちら です。
(toire wa achira desu. = The bathroom is over there.)
(okaikei desuka? = Should I bring you a check?)
(hai, sousite kudasai. = Yes, please.)
Post finder: Language guides to help with learning Japanese
Shouldn't these be put in the actual course, why waste the effort on a discussion post that will be gone soon?
This is immensely useful. hoping the japanese course will be expanded soon!
No biggie. It's still clear what it means.
By the way, in Russian there are three ways to transcribe it; си (si), ши (shi) and щи (something in between), technically the third one sounds best, almost a perfect match for the Japanese, but in practice you'll see only the first two. Because reasons, I guess.
Not really. Si is another romanisation of し, part of the kunreishiki system, where as "shi" is the hepburn system.