https://www.duolingo.com/J.S.Clingman

Question on words' genders in Irish

I just have a question: when are words in Irish masculine, neuter or feminine. I don't believe I've been told which words are which, and therefore was in a state of confusion when I read the "introduction" to the Lenition lesson on my Irish course. Can someone help me?

1 year ago

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/SatharnPHL
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There are a number of guidelines that you can follow if you haven't learned the gender of a noun - there is no simple pattern that makes the gender immediately obvious in all cases.

http://www.nualeargais.ie/foghlaim/nouns.php (The site may be down at the moment, but you can see some of the information from that page in this comment on Duolingo: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/4434929)

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/scilling
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Only the pronoun ea is neuter in Irish. The pronoun (and its disjunct form é) is masculine, and the pronoun (and its disjunct form í ) is feminine. Every noun and adjective is either masculine or feminine.

EDIT: Note that the noun euro does not follow all of the usual rules for a gendered noun; it is not neuter, but rather sui generis — essentially the only representative of its own “euroic” gender.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Marie-Clai133496

I've had the same problem. I had to look it up and try to work out a system with patterns...

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/J.S.Clingman

Glad I'm not alone. :) How did it go?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Marie-Clai133496

Well, I try to scribble all the feminine words on a single sheet, by families:

-Words ending in "lann" : an phictiúrlann, an bhialann... -Words ending in "eog": An fhuinneog, an phéitseog.. -Words that do not lenite because they start with t,d,s: an deasc, an traein... And I try to learn them in groups if I am lucky enough to have read about it somewhere,for example week, month, year are feminine (an tseachtain, an mhí,an bhliain}

Many words ending with "i" or "e" tend to be feminine (an cháis,an pháirc) so I take a note of them, especially if the adjective has been lenited...Hoping to be able to check it out on teanglann.ie later...

I wish duolingo would indicate the gender of the words...

1 year ago
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