Question on words' genders in Irish
I just have a question: when are words in Irish masculine, neuter or feminine. I don't believe I've been told which words are which, and therefore was in a state of confusion when I read the "introduction" to the Lenition lesson on my Irish course. Can someone help me?
There are a number of guidelines that you can follow if you haven't learned the gender of a noun - there is no simple pattern that makes the gender immediately obvious in all cases.
http://www.nualeargais.ie/foghlaim/nouns.php (The site may be down at the moment, but you can see some of the information from that page in this comment on Duolingo: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/4434929)
Personally I found the following video quite helpful
Only the pronoun ea is neuter in Irish. The pronoun sé (and its disjunct form é) is masculine, and the pronoun sí (and its disjunct form í ) is feminine. Every noun and adjective is either masculine or feminine.
EDIT: Note that the noun euro does not follow all of the usual rules for a gendered noun; it is not neuter, but rather sui generis — essentially the only representative of its own “euroic” gender.
I've had the same problem. I had to look it up and try to work out a system with patterns...
Well, I try to scribble all the feminine words on a single sheet, by families:
-Words ending in "lann" : an phictiúrlann, an bhialann... -Words ending in "eog": An fhuinneog, an phéitseog.. -Words that do not lenite because they start with t,d,s: an deasc, an traein... And I try to learn them in groups if I am lucky enough to have read about it somewhere,for example week, month, year are feminine (an tseachtain, an mhí,an bhliain}
Many words ending with "i" or "e" tend to be feminine (an cháis,an pháirc) so I take a note of them, especially if the adjective has been lenited...Hoping to be able to check it out on teanglann.ie later...
I wish duolingo would indicate the gender of the words...