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I keep getting confused with the different articles and their genders. I imagine its impossible on this platform to memorise all the genders of every word, but is there a particular structure to understand what gender any given word is? Madchen for example is used with "das", not "die". Help!
Maybe my method of memorizing words could be of help.
Whenever I learn a new word I try to create a ridiculous image in my head related to the sounds of the new word to help me remember it. For example, the word for "bee" in German is "Biene" and sounds very similar to "bean", so I imagine a swarm of flying beans collecting honey and I can recall the German word almost instantly whenever I picture that scene.
To take things a step further and remember the gender of the word just add female or masculine attributes depending on the word or no attributes at all if it's neutral. So, if "Biene" is feminine, I picture the swarm of beans again, but this time I give them fabulous hair and makeup. If "Biene" is masculine I give the beans mustaches and Mexican hats. And if " Biene" is neutral they would stay plain and boring.
I hope this helps makes learning a little easier :)
P. S. "Biene" is feminine
The articles and the words should be memorized (like regular and irregular verb in english that have to be memorized to know the transformation for each word) bcs the articles not always have linkage with what we think as masculine/feminine. Like madchen, we generally think it is feminine, but actually neutreal. So there are some 'special words' that have to be memorized. Maybe we can see dictionary or make our own das/der/die words tabulation to memorize it.
It's possible to memorize the gender each time you learn a new word, and this is was you have to do in German, like in French. It's the better way to learn German.
You can guess the gender only sometimes, for instance a word ending with a «e» is feminine in general, and with -chen it's a neutral. But learn the words with their gender, always.
All nouns im German have a grammatical gender, either masculin (der), feminin (die) or neutrum (das). It's like the difference between he (er), she (sie) and it (es). (You notice how the last letters of articles an personal pronouns are the same?)
Only in English gender distinctions only show up in personal pronouns and in German it's with articles, too.
Hi in German Language we have THREE TYPES OF NOUNS or THREE GRAMMATICAL GENDERS
The English Language knows/
(Der)The definite article ,,Der,,use for ,the , with ,,MASCULINE,,WORDS
(Das)The definite article ,,Das,,use for ,the,with ,,NEUTER,,WORDS
(Die)The definite article ,,Die,,use for ,the,with ,,FEMININE,,WORDS//ALL PLURAL WORDS
Ein Mädchen(Girl)// Grammatical Gender even though the concept Mädchen describes a Female the word itself is Neuter and takes the neuter article(Das)
What,s the Diminutive//
Anything ending in-chen or - Lein is a diminutive form and generally means a smaller or younger version of the
Das Mädchen=The girl....>>Singular
Die Mädchen=The girls....>>Plural
Yes, but the «e» at the end is called a schwa, it's not an /ɛ/ like in «echo».
The schwa sound is like the «a» in «about» in standard English.
Why is that Junge is masculine, but Mädchen is neuter? This is kind of random, since they're referring to the "same thing" in different genres. In portuguese we say that the gramatic is "male chauvinist", because most of the situations are defined in masculine forms - could this apply to this case?
There was a video linked in another comment, maybe it helps. There are some rules (e.g. words ending on -ion, -tät are feminin), but mostly it's learning by heart. Always learn new nouns with their article (car - das Auto), and don't expect to get it right straight from the beginning.
»A youth» should describe a young person, but when you use «the youth» it means a plural, some young boys or girls.
Here, «boy» is considered the best translation for «Junge», I think it's because a youth = a young man (as they say in the link), but «Junge» can mean a little boy or a young man.
-chen is a diminutive. You can add --chen to the end of many words to convey something that is little (such as dog-> doggy in English) or as a term of endearment (such as Mom-> Mommy)
The word for girl in German was formed from "die Magd" = the maid. The -chen was added to become "das Mädchen" = little maiden. This word evolved into what is now used for girl.
When the -chen ending is added to a noun, the article always changes to neutral form.
Die, das, and der all mean "the" in English. Die is used for feminine nouns, der for masculine nouns, and das is for neutral nouns. If you hover over a noun in Duolingo, it will tell you if the noun is feminine, masculine, or neutral. For all nouns you must memorize which gender it is. Sometimes the ending of the noun may help you determine the gender.
This page may help: https://jakubmarian.com/how-to-recognize-gender-in-german-using-endings/
All three words mean "the" in English but are used for different genders. Der is used for masculine nouns. Die is used for feminine nouns and das is used for neutral nouns. When you learn nouns in German, you should memorize what gender it is. If you hover over a noun in Duolingo, it will tell you the gender. For instance, man is masculine so you would say "der Mann"
Because the word Junge is grammatically masculine, not feminine.
Words that refer to people usually (but not always) have a grammatical gender that matches their natural gender; as here: Junge is masculine and boys are male.
die would be appropriate for a grammatically feminine word such as die Frau "the woman" or die Gabel "the fork".
Hello Dear Sam-EinG/Explain to me Dear Mizinamo(The word Junge is not Neuter in German but Masculine it takes the definite article"Der"In the nominative case in the sigular//for example:Der Junge isst Brot In other cases or in the plural the definite article can be different(Des-Dem-Die-Den)// Das Junge would mean something else namely the Animal Baby But you can read it(Tips and notes Duo Lingo class Nature1-Basic1-Acc-cass)
Hello Dear JoannaAdor//Because Das Junge would mean something else namely the Animal baby//Noun in German are either Feminine/Masculine/Neuter For example;Frau is Feminine Mann is Masculine Kind is Neuter On the Gender of their nouns generally speaking the definite article "Die" and the indefinite article "Eine"are used for Feminine nouns "Der"and "Ein"for Masculine nouns "Das" and "Ein"for Neuter nouns For example:Der Junge/Ein Junge Die Frau/Eine Frau Das Kind/Ein Kind
Hello Dear Sheetal150717//In the Nominative case :( Bestimmte Article )Der for Masculine nouns /Das for Neuter nouns/Die for Feminine nouns//Die for Plural nouns Forexample; Der Mann=The Man
Die Frau=The Woman
Das Kind= The Child Die Jungen=The boys UnBestimmte Article// Ein for Masculine and Neuter Eine for Feminine Plural. --- Forexample: Ein Mann Ein Kind Eine Frau