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I keep getting confused with the different articles and their genders. I imagine its impossible on this platform to memorise all the genders of every word, but is there a particular structure to understand what gender any given word is? Madchen for example is used with "das", not "die". Help!
Maybe my method of memorizing words could be of help.
Whenever I learn a new word I try to create a ridiculous image in my head related to the sounds of the new word to help me remember it. For example, the word for "bee" in German is "Biene" and sounds very similar to "bean", so I imagine a swarm of flying beans collecting honey and I can recall the German word almost instantly whenever I picture that scene.
To take things a step further and remember the gender of the word just add female or masculine attributes depending on the word or no attributes at all if it's neutral. So, if "Biene" is feminine, I picture the swarm of beans again, but this time I give them fabulous hair and makeup. If "Biene" is masculine I give the beans mustaches and Mexican hats. And if " Biene" is neutral they would stay plain and boring.
I hope this helps makes learning a little easier :)
P. S. "Biene" is feminine
I love your method, flying beans with fabulous hair and makeup, lol, im gonna try that
The articles and the words should be memorized (like regular and irregular verb in english that have to be memorized to know the transformation for each word) bcs the articles not always have linkage with what we think as masculine/feminine. Like madchen, we generally think it is feminine, but actually neutreal. So there are some 'special words' that have to be memorized. Maybe we can see dictionary or make our own das/der/die words tabulation to memorize it.
Yes. The word Mädchen is grammatically neuter, so when there is just one girl, we use the neuter article das with it: das Mädchen = the girl.
It's possible to memorize the gender each time you learn a new word, and this is was you have to do in German, like in French. It's the better way to learn German.
You can guess the gender only sometimes, for instance a word ending with a «e» is feminine in general, and with -chen it's a neutral. But learn the words with their gender, always.
Well, the easier and the most straightforward way in this case would be whenever a word ends with 'e', its 99% feminine.
Only Exceptions that I can think of are: Der Junge (the boy), Der Löwe (the lion)
Edit: thank you mizinamo
Der Gedanke (thought), das Gemüse (vegetables), der Affe (simian, monkey, ape), der Hase (hare), der Käse (cheese), das Gebirge (group of mountains), der Pate (godfather), der Drache (dragon), ....
Difference among Der, Die and Das - Masculine : Der, Feminine : Die, Neuter : Das.
When it more than one person it will always be die ,correct me if i'm wrong?
That's true for the nominative and accusative cases (e.g. subjects and direct objects), yes.
For example, Die Männer sehen die Kinder. "The men see the children."
Neutral -Mädchen (with «M» and «ä», mandatory). Or you can write Maedchen.
What's difference between 'das' and 'der', both means same 'the, this, that' ?
They are either masculine, feminine or gender neutral. Lots of European languages use this system.
Yes, most of them, the Latin languages and some Germanic languages. English is rather an exception.
All nouns im German have a grammatical gender, either masculin (der), feminin (die) or neutrum (das). It's like the difference between he (er), she (sie) and it (es). (You notice how the last letters of articles an personal pronouns are the same?)
Only in English gender distinctions only show up in personal pronouns and in German it's with articles, too.
Hi ,,Sam,,No we say,,Das Mädchen=The girl but Die Mädchen=The girls ( plural form)
Hi in German Language we have THREE TYPES OF NOUNS or THREE GRAMMATICAL GENDERS
The English Language knows/
(Der)The definite article ,,Der,,use for ,the , with ,,MASCULINE,,WORDS
(Das)The definite article ,,Das,,use for ,the,with ,,NEUTER,,WORDS
(Die)The definite article ,,Die,,use for ,the,with ,,FEMININE,,WORDS//ALL PLURAL WORDS
Ein Mädchen(Girl)// Grammatical Gender even though the concept Mädchen describes a Female the word itself is Neuter and takes the neuter article(Das)
What,s the Diminutive//
Anything ending in-chen or - Lein is a diminutive form and generally means a smaller or younger version of the
Das Mädchen=The girl....>>Singular
Die Mädchen=The girls....>>Plural
Hi About Plural//
All plural nouns in the Nominative and Accusative case use Die
All plural nouns in the Genitive case use Der
All plural nouns in the Dative case use Den
Der is masculine, die is feminine, and das is neuter I believe
Why does sound like "'De' junge" when I tap the whole sentence, but it sounds like "Dia" when I only tap "Der"?
The "-er" ending in German almost pronounced as "-a". Not so different from English, e.g. "father"
It's just a pronunciation thing. German "r"s are sometimes pronounced as schwas.
Can sombody please translate the pronouncation of Junge im english pls because m keep on getting wrong and confused too
J is German is pronounced like an English y. The u is pronounced like u in put. The e at the end should sound like the eh in echo. There are two syllables jung-e. Best guess at how to spell it phonetically: yung-eh
Yes, but the «e» at the end is called a schwa, it's not an /ɛ/ like in «echo».
The schwa sound is like the «a» in «about» in standard English.
Normal pace pronunciation of "Der" sounds like "d-air", but the slowed version sounds completely different-- like "deer"!
The "e" in German is actually pronounced as a closed e, like in "hay" but without the dipthong. The "r" is occasionally pronounced as a schwa, such as at the end of a word.
Yoong'e, with «e» like the «a» in «about»
(it's called a schwa, and it's always the pronunciation of the ending «e» in German).
So foes the article depend on the ending of the word or the gender ?i'm confused
The article depends on the gender of the word, and also on the role of that word in a sentence (e.g. subject or object of a verb).
Hello Dear Mizinamo /Thanks for your reply but I donot any question so "Junge is Masculine and gets the definite article""Der"right?Thanks
The German word Junge is masculine.
The definite article for Junge is der in the nominative case in the singular.
For example, Der Junge isst Brot. "The boy is eating bread."
In other cases or in the plural, the definite article can be different (des, dem, den, die).
Thanks/This is for you//All human beings are in truth akin All in creation share one origin When fate all ots a member pangs and pains No ease for other members then remains If unperturbed another's grief canst scan Thou are not worthy of the name of Man//Saadi
Its astonishing how the articl "the" has so many counterparts in German language. Any trick guys?
Just learn the gender of a word, and use the 'genderized' «the», to agree with it.
For the cases, den, etc, you'll learn it later, when you'll get the der, das, die use.
i have a new kid in my class and she speaks german and she almost doesnt speak any english so i went home and learnd it and the next day i came in and i was the only one who new any german.but i neaded flash cards and i could not rememberany of it
Das mädchen is used only when it is singular. However, you use die mädchen when it is plural. (The girls)
«die» is for feminine, but also for plural (masculine, feminine, or neutral plural)
And that's here an exception, because Mädchen doesn't change when it's plural, it's always Mädchen. Only the article change.
Das Mädchen. = the girl.
Die Mädchen = the girls.
What is "the" for mann, and "the" for frau, and "the" for madchen?
Thank you!! :)
Thw diffrence between Der Das Die is that its for your gender women have Die Men use Der and Das is used for no gender
Why is that Junge is masculine, but Mädchen is neuter? This is kind of random, since they're referring to the "same thing" in different genres. In portuguese we say that the gramatic is "male chauvinist", because most of the situations are defined in masculine forms - could this apply to this case?
"Das Mädchen" is the diminutive of "Die Magd" which means 'maiden' or 'handmaiden'. So a Mädchen is a young/small maiden.
Diminutives are always neuter in German.
as i know der die das are not only used with their genders, like das madchen while madchen means a girl and its article is das which is neutral.so you hv to learn the articles with their nouns.......can anyone tell me the simplest way of memorizing the articles coz i am in a gr8 prblm
There was a video linked in another comment, maybe it helps. There are some rules (e.g. words ending on -ion, -tät are feminin), but mostly it's learning by heart. Always learn new nouns with their article (car - das Auto), and don't expect to get it right straight from the beginning.
Der Junge only translates to "the boy". To say "the youth" you would use Die Jugend
»A youth» should describe a young person, but when you use «the youth» it means a plural, some young boys or girls.
Here, «boy» is considered the best translation for «Junge», I think it's because a youth = a young man (as they say in the link), but «Junge» can mean a little boy or a young man.
All nouns have a gender, masculine feminine or neuter. You have to memorize the gender for every noun. If you hover over the noun on the Duolingo website, it will tell you the noun's gender.
I'm still confusing in this example that der refers to the boy (masculine) whereas das refers to the girl (feminine)
Hello ChazzyBloo/The German word"Junge"is Masculie and the definite article forJunge is Der in the nominative case in the singular for example:Der Junge isst Brot/plural,the different(Des-Dem-Den-Die)
Girl isnot a Feminine it is Neuter and the difinite article"Das"use for the Neuter words//Das Mädchen is Diminutive the suffix-chen literally Little(Little maid/woman)
Use «der» with masculine noungs, and «das» with neutral nouns.
You have to learn the quality of a noun, called «gender» each time you learn a new word.
Ok so das was used for bread but das was not used for boy is it like das for food and der for boys and girls confused i know Der and Das mean the same thing
It's not like this you should think.
Gender in things has no logics, it's simply like it is. Learn the word with its gender, ALWAYS.
Mädchen is just an exception.
Use the logical gender for humans (except exceptions).
Remember this sentence: a young boy.
Junge seems like young, they belongs to the same family.
Ma''dchen has to use das because it seems like young. But Why we use der in a word Junge?? I confuse :(
Mädchen is neutral and uses das because it ends with chen, junge is masculine and so it uses der
-chen is a diminutive. You can add --chen to the end of many words to convey something that is little (such as dog-> doggy in English) or as a term of endearment (such as Mom-> Mommy)
The word for girl in German was formed from "die Magd" = the maid. The -chen was added to become "das Mädchen" = little maiden. This word evolved into what is now used for girl.
When the -chen ending is added to a noun, the article always changes to neutral form.
Der is for masculine nouns, Die is for feminine nouns, and Das is for neutral nouns (Like Mädchen for example. It's Das Mädchen, not Die Mädchen. Because although Mädchen means girl, it is a neutral word.)
Boy is used only for male children/kids. Kid or child, has no gender. In common use, we can use boy or kid to refer to a young male. However, on Duolingo they want you to use direct translations to make sure you learn the vocabulary. So, kid<->Kind and boy<->Junge.
Guys how and where do i use die ,das,and der..please. distinguish between them..
Die, das, and der all mean "the" in English. Die is used for feminine nouns, der for masculine nouns, and das is for neutral nouns. If you hover over a noun in Duolingo, it will tell you if the noun is feminine, masculine, or neutral. For all nouns you must memorize which gender it is. Sometimes the ending of the noun may help you determine the gender.
This page may help: https://jakubmarian.com/how-to-recognize-gender-in-german-using-endings/
What is with der das die i m confused, different articles and what do they mean
All three words mean "the" in English but are used for different genders. Der is used for masculine nouns. Die is used for feminine nouns and das is used for neutral nouns. When you learn nouns in German, you should memorize what gender it is. If you hover over a noun in Duolingo, it will tell you the gender. For instance, man is masculine so you would say "der Mann"
In general, every letter is pronounced in the German language. For der Junge, you should be hearing/pronouncing der= "dare" in English. If you have a question about pronouncing a different word than der, just let me know!
"Der" should sound exactly like the English word "dare". You can also think of pronouncing it like d-air.
I am not sure what you mean by "younge". That is not a word in English or German. Boy is an English word which translates to Junge in German and is pronounced like "younge" in English.
Because the word Junge is grammatically masculine, not feminine.
Words that refer to people usually (but not always) have a grammatical gender that matches their natural gender; as here: Junge is masculine and boys are male.
die would be appropriate for a grammatically feminine word such as die Frau "the woman" or die Gabel "the fork".
Nearly always, you'll want der Junge, i.e. "the boy".
(Or des Jungen, dem Jungen, den Jungen in other case forms which you will come across later in the course.)
Hello Dear Sam-EinG/Explain to me Dear Mizinamo(The word Junge is not Neuter in German but Masculine it takes the definite article"Der"In the nominative case in the sigular//for example:Der Junge isst Brot In other cases or in the plural the definite article can be different(Des-Dem-Die-Den)// Das Junge would mean something else namely the Animal Baby But you can read it(Tips and notes Duo Lingo class Nature1-Basic1-Acc-cass)
As the logics says: Der Junger is masculine, it's a boy.
Das Mädchen is an exception.
For things, there is no logics, they can be either masculine, feminine or neutral.
das Mädchen is not the only exception.
die Person "the person" can be a male or female person. das Opfer "the victim" can be a male or female victim. And so on.
der Junger is not a word in German.
I've never said it was the only exception, I said it's an exception to remember, not the exception.
Thanks for the complement.
Hello Dear JoannaAdor//Because Das Junge would mean something else namely the Animal baby//Noun in German are either Feminine/Masculine/Neuter For example;Frau is Feminine Mann is Masculine Kind is Neuter On the Gender of their nouns generally speaking the definite article "Die" and the indefinite article "Eine"are used for Feminine nouns "Der"and "Ein"for Masculine nouns "Das" and "Ein"for Neuter nouns For example:Der Junge/Ein Junge Die Frau/Eine Frau Das Kind/Ein Kind
The "j" in "Junge" is not silent. It should sound like the "y" in words such as "you, yellow, young".
Hello Dear Sheetal150717//In the Nominative case :( Bestimmte Article )Der for Masculine nouns /Das for Neuter nouns/Die for Feminine nouns//Die for Plural nouns Forexample; Der Mann=The Man
Die Frau=The Woman
Das Kind= The Child Die Jungen=The boys UnBestimmte Article// Ein for Masculine and Neuter Eine for Feminine Plural. --- Forexample: Ein Mann Ein Kind Eine Frau
Only look at the gender of a word, it's always mentioned in the dictionary, and use the feminine (die) if it's feminine, the «der» if it's masculine, and the «das» if it's neutral.