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What is the difference between dir and dich?

December 1, 2017


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Du bist hier. - You are here. (nominative case, YOU/DU is the subject)

Ich liebe dich. - I love you. (accusative case, YOU/DICH is the direct object)

Ich wünsche dir viel Glück. - I wish you good luck. (dative case, YOU/DIR is the indirect object)

So DU - DICH - DIR, would go the same for ICH, MICH, MIR and ER, IHN, IHM, and so on.

There is also Genitive case but I would leave that for later :-)

Refer to this for more information on cases: http://germanforenglishspeakers.com/nouns/case/ and on pronouns: http://germanforenglishspeakers.com/pronouns/personal-possessive-pronouns/


Excellent explanation. I knew this on one level (that they were different cases), but your examples really brought it home.


Would deine be genitive


No. deine is a form of a possessive determiner, not a case form of the personal pronoun.

dein- can stand in any of the four cases depending on the case of the noun that it accompanies, e.g. dein Vater - deines Vaters - deinem Vater - deinen Vater.


Thank you, this helped me.


du, dich, dir--du is the nominative dich is the accusative case, dir is the dative case. If you're a Mac user you might like the program German Grammar. It is easy to use and an excellent reference. I don't know if there is version for the PC world.

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