"What floor do you live on?"
Verbs such as 住, 坐, 放, and 站 indicate some sort of position or placement. Because of this, they are exceptions to the general sentence structure and will typically have the 在 after. Unfortunately, there isn't really a clear-cut rule about verb placement relative to 在, so it's just something you have to get a feel for through exposure and practice.
Right. For this question the possible translations are:
As far as i understand... General word order (doesn't matter whether it's a question or not) Subject or time - subject or time - verb - object