https://www.duolingo.com/felitolhoeks

The usage of も to indicate "also" or "too"

Hi :))) I've been studying Japanese for quite a while and yet this still confuses me. When も is used as a particle to mean "also", is also meant as in addition? For example:

食べ物が好きです。私もオストラリア人です。 Translation: I like food. I am also from Australia.

Or is it meant to be in response to someone else's sentence? For example:

Person 1: オストラリア人です。 Person 2: 私もオストラリア人です。

I hope this makes sense and that someone can clarify.

12/4/2017, 2:57:23 AM

7 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/B_bethany

The usage would be like your second example. も means "as well."

In your first example the English would actually be "I am also Australian" which means the person you are talking to probably told you they were from Australia and you responded just like in your second example.

There are other words that mean also that can be used in different ways though. また(又) and それに are a couple. These could be used to add information rather than build on a previous conversation point.

12/4/2017, 3:31:20 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/felitolhoeks

Thank you!

12/4/2017, 3:37:36 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/Nicols719826
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Hello and greetings from Colombia!!! Your sentence about Person 1 and person 2 are right, because も is used to show "also", and it replace the topic particle は. However you can use it to express lack of preference between things  私は猫も犬も好きです。 I like both cats and dogs

私は肉も野菜も好きです。 I like both meat and vegetables

コーヒーが好きです。お茶もすきです。 I like coffee, also I like tea.

In summary, も express agreement with someone, and you can use if you want to show that you like two or more things together.

12/4/2017, 3:36:09 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/felitolhoeks

Thank you and greetings from Australia! This really helps!

12/4/2017, 4:49:57 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/AKicsiMacska
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Reading all these comments makes me have a question!

The example that Nicols used was

“私は猫も犬も好きです。 I like both cats and dogs”

But I kind of thought that that was

私は猫犬が好きです。

With “と-to” being the particle.

Is that just “I like cats and dogs” without the “both”???

12/5/2017, 5:31:51 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/BJCUAl
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Right.

12/5/2017, 12:08:39 PM

https://www.duolingo.com/tsanders88
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も is a particle most often used to compile incomplete lists. There is a sense when it is used that other things may also be in the list but not spoken. と on the other hand is used to specify a list that only contains the things mentioned.

12/6/2017, 4:49:59 AM
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