"They are girls."
Translation:Ellas son niñas.
The rules are, Son is when you are talking about multiple people besides yourself (they) (you all) and somos is when you include yourself. (We) so SOMOS is we are. SON is they are, or you all are. The "infinitive" is Ser. It means to be. You drop the "er" and change the ending according to who you are talking about. Ser is also a special verb so the conjugation (changing the verb) is a little weird.
I had the oral question. It filled in nenas instead of what I said, niñas. So I looked it up. Nice to learn a new vocab word and a new nickname for my wife. I conclude that Duolingo wants niñas but if you give it something else that might be a nickname it defaults to nenas.
First, you have to identify the full conjugation chart for the verb and tense (in this case, the verb is ser and the tense is simple present):
- Yo soy
- Tú eres
- Él/Ella es
- Nosotros/as somos
- Vosotros/as sois
- Ellos/as son
Usted/Ustedes, even being 2nd person, take the conjugation of the 3rd person (resp. singular and plural).
Then, locate in the chart the appropriate case:
They are girls (3rd person plural 'Ellas') -> Ellas son niñas
In english ser and estar both mean "to be" ( am, are, is, once you conjugate) but they are used in different situations. ser if for permanent things like personality (nice, funny) and physical traits (tall, woman) as well as saying where you are from(SOY de Kansas). estar is for where something is located (there, inside, at the store) or how someone feels (happy, tired, sick). There are other contexts but these are the basics. they are important to learn, but will take a while. my spanish teacher taught us a rhyme "how you feel, and where you are, always use the verb estar. what you are, and where youre from, use ser the other one"
somos is for we, son is for they. It's like in English you use am for I and are for you.
Okay, so if some person speaks of a group of people, and he doesn't know their gender and refers to them as "ellos"; when you fix him, can you say "Ellos son niñas"? Will this be correct? Also, is there a way to type the special characters using my keyboard without alt codes?
I am sorry but i don't quite understand your first question. But, if you have an Apple keyboard (or phone), just hold down the letter for a few seconds. To put the '~' (tilde) over an 'n', just hold 'n' until a little blurb appears and then press (or the corresponding number to which ever accent you need) here is the list of available acents using this method... A's: àáâäæãåā E's: èéêëēėę I's: îïíįīì O's: ôöòóœøōõ U's: ûüùúū Y: ÿ L: ł S's: ßśš Z's: žźż N's: ñń C's:çćč