"The teacher is not British."
Yeah I'm not sure if 英国 translates to "British" or "English" because I'd hesitate to use it when introducing my Scottish friend. But equally with the one China policy, every time I ask about a more accurate definition they can't get past my explanation of the UK having separate countries within it. UK/Britain/England are basically synonyms in most of the world.
Basically 英 is the "Eng" from "England" (the Y is pronounced very softly if at all). It's purely phonetic; as a character it has a couple of meanings "flower" and "hero" or "heroic". Japan and Korea either adopted or independently coined the same term.
So 英国 (also spelled 英國 or 영국) is literally England, but nowadays defined as "Britain" or "the UK" in pretty much every dictionary.
English (language) is 英語, 英语 or 영어.
If we renamed the language "British", it would clear up all the ambiguity I think ;o)
I've seen 不列颠/Bùlièdiān elsewhere on this forum for Britain, and Google translates UK as 联合王国/Liánhé wángguó (as well as 英国). Could I just add a 人 to the end of either of those to make it into "British person"?
PS: As a Welshman, I am happy to call the language English, because Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland all have their own languages, all of which were spoken in Britain long before the Angles, Saxons and Normans brought early English there :-P
Because Duo is often insisting on very specific translations of things, in cases where the English versions people put in are pretty well synonymous once you stop arguing about details like the above.
Oddly enough, Duo did make a point of insisting on the difference in the French course (they are more noticeably different in the plural, too).
guys, help... i wrote "老师是不英国人" twice and it marks it wrong- is this because i don't have a period or is there an actual mistake here??? is chinese really that strict with periods? (full top in the UK) correction- nvm, i found the mistake (i accidentally switched bu4 and shi4)