sa = her as in her thing, if the thing is feminine. (not female but classified as feminine in French grammar). Sa is talking about which thing. I see her thing. Je vois sa robe. Not my dress, not your dress, but her dress.
Since it is describing which dress, not who actually owns it, sa robe can also mean his dress. That is because sa is modifying the direct object of the verb not the connection of the dress to the subject of the sentence. Think of sa as an adjective in this case.
The ball hits the blue car.. ...The car is blue no matter what hits it.
He sees her dress/He sees his dress. .....The dress is seen no matter who sees it.
He sees her dress = Il voit sa robe. The dress is seen no matter who he or she is. Robe is feminine in French so its modifier must be as well.
la = her ...that person or thing standing right there, if it is grammatically feminine. La is a pronoun which replaces someone or something. I see her. Je la vois. Not him, not them, not me, not you but her.
sa is her thing, as a possessive noun. La is a pronoun that goes before a noun.
I wrote: I know it? and got it accepted right, but reading the comments everyone else wrote " I know her?", why did I get it correct?
This question is more common when you talk about a female being than a feminine place.
- (beach) Je la connais ? = Do I know it?
- (woman) Je la connais ? = Do I know her?
How do i differentiate between
I know her? The question And I know her. The fact.
Are they both Je la connais?
As far as i know in both french and to a lesser extent in English, we raise our pitch in the latter end of any question, however, since Duo is using a text to speech, it doesn't read the punctuation and adjust it's voice.
'la' can be used as a direct object pronoun, like 'le' to mean "it" when the "it" in question is feminine.
In colloquial speech French people often make questions without inversion or est-ce que. They just change the intonation.
-Connaître (infinitive): Used for either knowing a person or being familiar with something. Ex: Je le connais = "I know him"
-Savoir (infinitive): Used for knowing facts or how to do something. Ex: Je sais où il est = "I know where he is" (It's a fact that he is there)
Additionally, it looks like you know some Spanish; Connaître vs. Savior is exactly the same as Conocer vs. Saber in Spanish.
Yes, it can:
- do you know that song? yes I know it
- connaissez-vous cette chanson ? oui, je la connais.
I think you meant to ask, "can't it be a fact that I know him?"
Perhaps it is a fact that you know somebody. Regardless, in French you would never use the verb savoir for knowing somebody; it will always be connaître.
"To know somebody" is really just an English expression. In English, we can use the verb "to know" in a variety of ways such as:<pre>
- "To perceive or understand as fact or truth" (similar to the use for savoir) - "To be acquainted with a person" (similar to the use for connaître)</pre>
These are two distinct uses for the verb "to know," and in French these two distinct meanings are represented by two different verbs.
If connaître is always about people, then why do we see it rather than him/her in this sentence? We don't refer to people as it.
No, "la" is the direct object form of "elle". Do I know him? = Je le connais ?
"ça" is a demonstrative pronoun and the shortened version of "cela" = "that thing"
"la" is a personal pronoun and the object form of "elle".
Object personal pronouns are placed before the verb they depend on, but not demonstrative pronouns.
- je la connais = I know her/it
- je connais ça = I know that
That implies that you are pointing to something or is has come up in previous sentences.
Also, 'connaître' isn't necessarily the most appropriate verb, depending on what the antecedent of 'that' is. It could easily be 'connaître' or 'savoir'; whereas with 'her', 'connaître' is more justified (to use 'savoir' with a person as its object rarely makes sense, unless you're being poetic or something).
understand = comprendre
so, no, it does not work.
to know someone = connaître quelqu'un.
How to say "Do I know you" then? Je te connais? And why did duolingo use "la" instead of "se" in this sentence?
Do I know you? = Te/Vous connais-je ? Est-ce que je te/vous connais ? Je te/vous connais ?
"se" is a reflexive pronoun : elle se connaît (she knows herself)
"la" is the object form of "elle" : je la connais.
Feel the difference:
I - my - me = je - mon/ma - me
You - your - you = tu - ton/ta - te
he - his - him = il - son/sa - le
She - her - her = elle - son/sa - la
So, la - is object pronoun, but son/sa is like an adjective. Examples:
I know her - Je la connais.
It's her bag - C'est son sac.
Haha, why is it that when I speak, it always tells me that I did not pronounce the question mark correctly? How do you pronounce a question mark? : )
Savoir (Je sais) - to know a fact.
Je sais qu'elle est ta mère. I know that she is your mother. (it's a fact).
Connaître (Je connais) - to know something by experience.
Je te connais - I know you; Je connais ce chemin - I know this way. ( It's my expierence) I hope it will help!
Connaitre does not always refer to people, for example: J' ai grandi dans la ville de Dijon. Tu la connais? This means I grew up in the city of Dijon. Do you know it? (or are you familiar with it?)
Je la connais can mean , 1. Do you know her? 2. Do you know it? (Rue de Saint Michel)
It is the object of the verb "know".
Do I know... what/whom?
Je la connais ? = Do I know her / it? someone? something? some place?
I said "I know it" and it marked me correct. I think I need more of an understanding as to why "l'" or "la" is the conext of the woman. Is this just a confusing thing because there isn't a lot of context/sentances to represent "her"? Confuzzled :S
"connaître" means "to be familiar with" and used with places and people:
"je la connais" can mean "I know her" (la = a female living being) or "I know it" (a feminine place)
- do you know Mary? Yes, I know her = connais-tu Mary ? Oui, je la connais
- do you know this town? Yes I know it = connais-tu cette ville ? Oui, je la connais.
I translated this as Do I know it? Could one also say Je connais ça.?. To mean the same thing?
Why je la connais and not je se connais? What is the difference between the two?
"se" is a reflexive pronoun that you use with "il, elle, on" when the verb is reflexive, that is when the subject and the object are the same person:
- elle se connaît = she knows herself
- je la connais = I know her ("la" is the object form of "elle")
- je le connais = I know him/it ("le" is the object form of "il")
"la" is the direct object form for "elle"
"le" is the direct object form for "il".
"les" is the direct object form for "ils" and "elles".
Same thing in english, for example. I know her, a statement. If you want to ask in question form: Do I know her?
Have you noticed that "je la connais ?" was a question?
In English proper questions do not look like statements, so "je la connais ?" is "do I know her?".
do i know her i know it both acceptable..... her and it are not the same thing
"la" does mean "the" in front of a noun.
But "la" also means "her" when it is a personal pronoun used as a direct object.
Direct and indirect object pronouns are placed before the verb they depend on:
- I know her = je la connais
"Je le connais" or "je la connais", depending on the gender of what "it" represents.
Yes, it is if you put a question mark at the end of the sentence.
Think of your voice rising at the end of the sentence in a questioning manner.
This is one of the 3 basic ways of asking a question in French (and by far the easiest, if you ask me).
"Lui" is necessary when the verb is constructed with the preposition "à":
- Parler à quelqu'un: "Je lui parle" (I talk to him/her)
"Connaître" is directly transitive, which means it does not need a preposition and therefore you have to use the direct object form of the pronoun, which is "le" (him) or "la" (her):
- Connaître quelqu'un: Je le/la connais (I know him/her)
I supposed Est-ce que je la connais would work as well, but how do you ask this question using inversion?
"La connais-je ?" but it is only theoretical as nobody uses it, because of the sound of it.
How would it be "her" at the end? How do I know that they mean "her" and not him?
"Connais-je ?" is very formal and rare, but in any event, the object pronoun still needs to be placed before the verb: "La connais-je ?".
You will probably go for "Est-ce que je la connais ?"
When she says it fast, no question, it's "le." When she says it slowly, it's obviously "la." I so wish duo could fix this recurring issue.
I am so glad I know spanish because I can easily understand this as (Yo la conozco?) French is SOO similar to spanish
Because la is feminine and le is masculine If it wouldve said ( Je le connais?) it would've meant Do I know him?
"savoir" and "connaître" both mean "to know", but they are used differently.
"savoir" is used when you know facts (I know you have a car - je sais que tu as une voiture)
"connaître" is used for knowing persons and places (my mother knows me - ma mère me connaît)
Hope that helps you understand it better.