https://www.duolingo.com/profile/threemilk

Weil vs Wenn vs Da

I was redoing the Conjunctions lesson and I see there's about three words that mean because (weil, wenn, da) and I really can't tell the differences on when to use them? Help

December 13, 2017

8 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Kit845299

"Weil" and "da" are indeed interchangeable in the meaning "because". "Da" just has some other meanings too. So you actually could always use "da" instead of "weil", but not always "weil" instead of "da".

"Wenn" however never has the meaning "because", it means "when" or "if"

December 13, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/elfinoz

Thank you for explaining. I can only remember seeing "da" used in the context of there.

December 13, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Kit845299

You're welcome :)
"Da" is a little less used for "because", most people will use "weil" in most contexts. This might be the reason that you never encountered "da" as "because".

December 13, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jzsuzsi

Don't forget "denn", it also means because.

December 13, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/elfinoz

Weil = because, wenn =if/when and da = there. There may be alternative meanings that I haven't come across. I suppose there are some instances where one of these words could be substituted for another in a sentence but not always.

Du kannst nicht zur Schule gehen, weil du krank bist. = You can't go to school because you're sick.

Du kannst nicht zur Schule gehen, wenn du krank bist. = You can't go to school if/when you're sick.

I don't believe da would work in place of weil or wenn in this particular example. Maybe someone who knows more can provide further explanation.

December 13, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Kit845299

"Du kannst nicht zur Schule gehen, da du krank bist." is possible too. "Da" can indeed mean "weil".

December 13, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KlenovvySyrop

Possibly one masculine, one neuter, and one feminine.

December 13, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/elfinoz

Weil, wenn and da are not nouns, so they have no gender.

December 13, 2017
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