https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Chiyaki-sun

は and を??

My question comes from studying from duolingo and other sources from the past month. When practicing Japanese I've come across a passing block. は and を. My question is when is the right times to use them, and what does it mean? The more help I can get with the community, the more fun and exciting learning this new language will be ;)

Also: when structuring the sentence, is the action placed near the end of the sentence, or am I looking at it all wrong?

December 17, 2017

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BJCUAl

I think I know why you are confused. The basic structure would be:

  • object + particle + verb. This structure should not be reversed.

If it is a positive expression, such as 'I eat apples' を would be used. If it is a negative expression, like 'I don't eat apples', you would use は.

  • りんごをたべます  //  りんごはたべません

Of course there are other uses for the particle は and を. Suggest you familiarize yourself with the various particles if this answer was not specific to your query.

December 17, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Arachnje

To build on BJCUAl's answer, it is also possible (and grammatically correct) to use は in an affirmative sentence, and say りんごはたべます
So, the usage of は and を will depend on context, and the difference between:
りんごたべます
and
りんごたべます
is in the kind of information they provide; the first tells us what the subject eats, while the second affirms that the subject does eat an apple/apples.

December 17, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BJCUAl

Thanks for the assist:)

December 19, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/nwwsl

水を飲む。牛肉を食べる。を Is the postposition showing the object of a verb. "水を"

は Is postposition called a topic marker. The "topic" is often the same as the subject of the sentence, but sometimes is something else that is stressed.

December 17, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/minkxlyons
December 19, 2017
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