"Kolik zbývá chleba?"
Translation:How much bread is left?
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Hi Duolingo Czech team and also kacenka9,
Firstly, I must say that my friends are Prague Czech speakers although there are some generational issues (they learned Czech from their mother who is from Prague, they visit Prague every summer, their grandparents live in Prague). From them I have certainly learned chléb as the word for bread, although some of them pronounce it with the b more voiced at the end than seems normal to me based on my studies in multiple slavic languages. However, this pattern of masculine inanimate declension is either new or irregular. There is a shortening of the stem vowel as well as the irregularity in ending.
I will consult my Prague friends and edit this comment if necessary. But based on Wikislovnik and its English counterpart Wiktionary, it seems that chléb is rather irregular.
I would appreciate the opinion here of an expert in Czech grammar if such there be out here.
I am not an expert grammarian but if your friends' mom comes from Prague, it totally could be a generational issue. Czech evolved a lot in last 50 years, not always in a good way. The written proper Czech and spoken are in some regions like two different languages. My grandmother would write and say chléb. My parents might write chléb, but say chleba. I would write and say chleba only.
The problem is elsewhere. We have two words for bread CHLÉB and CHLEBA. Chléb sounds super proper and it might be used in Moravia but good luck coming across it in Prague. Even if you do, it is rarely used in other than nominative case. Not sure why. I actually had to look up, how to decline it, because I never had and it sounded weird in my head. So we tend to use CHLEBA for all other cases.
That said we probably should edit it, though we would teach something that would place you, as a speaker, several centuries away from your listeners.
One more comment: I am unable to determine from this forum who works for duolingo and who doesn't.
I don't know that that's necessarily problematic. That is in fact the beauty of the concept of wiki. However, I am always left with a certain curiosity as to whether my questions have been answered by someone related to the team that posed the original issue.
You can use "How much bread remains?" If you used "is remaining," you would certainly be understood, but at the moment it sounds a bit odd to me. At least in the US, the go-to phrasing would probably be "is left." If I have any additional thoughts, I'll add them later; comments from other native AmE/BrE speakers are welcome.
left je příčestí minulé od leave - odejít, zanechat, opustit
"it has left"="odešlo, zanechalo, opustilo"
"it is left" doslova "je zanecháno, opuštěno", znamená prostě "zbývá, zůstává", už je to samostatné slovo, ne sloveso
"he has left it" = "opustil to" ale také zbývá mu, třeba ve slovních úlohách: Měl pět chlebů, ale dva prodal. Kolik chlebů/chleba mu zbývá? How much bread has he left?
I am native AmE. There is some difference in English between (1) "How much bread is left?" and "(2) How much bread is left over?"
Question (1) is asking: Of all the bread that we had to start with, how much do we still have? Question (2) is asking: Of the bread that we had and intended to use, how much didn't we use (i.e., how much is left -- over and above the amount we planned to use?)
For non-native English speakers -- and probably many natives -- the difference is insignificant, as a practical matter in most situations. But if your answer was not accepted, it may be because there is a material difference between the two where the translation is concerned.
If you used the Report button, someone can check what you actually wrote and let you know if it was something else that got your answer rejected.