Dative Cases, Novmentive Case?
Can anyone give me an example as how these work?
Cases are a grammatical feature that is used to mark the function a noun- like word (nouns, pronouns, adjectives, articles, etc.) has in a sentence. There are four cases in German: nominative, accusative, genitive and dative.
The dative case marks the indirect object, which is the person, object or animal who indirectly receives the action. For example, in the sentence "I gave the teacher my notebook", "the teacher" is the one who's getting the notebook, and in the German translation of the sentence it would be in dative: "Ich habe dem Lehrer mein Heft gegeben". As you can see, it's " dem Lehrer" instead of the standard form "der Lehrer", that's because it's in dative form. The dative case is also used with certain prepositions, like "mit" ("mit dir", "mit dem Lehrer", not "mit du" or "mit der Lehrer") or nach.
The nominative case marks the subject and attribute of a sentence. "I am your teacher" would be translated as "Ich bin dein Lehrer", where "ich" is "I" in its nominative form, since it's the subject, and "dein Lehrer" is the attribute, so it also takes on the nominative form.
I hope I helped! If I wasn't clear enough explaining something, feel free to ask about it!