지구 （地球）：the Planet Earth
本(근본 본): (this one looks very unrelated so I'll copy-paste the meanings and hope for someone to clarify which one is used here)
- stem of plant
- hearts, nature
- Grass (unit to count vegetation)
- edition ( 版本 and 板本 )
- (units to count books)
- The principal ( 元金 ), main hall ( 本錢 )
- Honke ( 本clan )
- Agriculture ( 農業 ), agriculture ( 農事 ) 21 is based on ( 根據 -, base () 根據 spin a)
It may look unrelated, but it's 本. It means many things. Book is only a loose translation. Not too many generations ago it would have primarily meant a scroll, and so anything written, round cylindrical objects, correspondences, matters worthy of note, matters at hand, . . .
By the way, this is the translated version by google translate. (And I know it's poorly done but I don't have enough time to go through each)
Here's the original from Naver Hanja Dictionary in Korean:
(I'd be grateful if someone could translate it for us all)
- 원래(元來ㆍ原來), 본래(本來), 본디
- 근원(根源), 원천(源泉)
- 본원(本源), 시초(始初)
- 마음, 본성(本性)
- 주(主)가 되는 것
- 자기(自己) 자신(自身)
- 조상(祖上), 부모(父母), 임금
- 조국(祖國), 고향(故鄕)
- 본, 관향(貫鄕: 시조(始祖)가 난 곳)
- 그루(초목을 세는 단위)
- 본(서화를 세는 단위)
- 책, 서책(書冊)
- 원금(元金), 본전(本錢)
- 농업(農業), 농사(農事)
- 근거하다(根據--), 근거(根據)로 삼다
지구 [lit. ball of soil] = The (Planet) Earth or often referred to as "The Globe"*, with capital G.
- also been referred to as 세계 (the world, geographically speaking)
지구본 = a [본, version] model of the Earth (for geographical reference) referred to as "the globe" due to its spherical shape.
지구의, a synonym of 지구본 = [lit. The Earth tool. 의 is a translitaration of a Chinese word meaning thing/instrument etc. Not 의, the Korean possessive particle.]. It also means the globe.