https://www.duolingo.com/arikancelikok

話せます and 話します

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What is the difference?

December 24, 2017

7 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Kansokusha
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Well, for starters, both are different inflections of the verb 話す, which means "To speak". The first one you typed, 話せます, is the potential form with polite ending, meaning " can speak". The second one, 話します, is exactly the same as 話す ("To speak"), only using the polite ending ~ます.

Examples:

  • I speak Japanese. = 私は日本語を話す (standard)
  • I speak Japanese. = 私は日本語を話します (polite ending)
  • I can speak Japanese. = 私は日本語を話せます (potential form, polite ending)

Also, the potential form without using the polite ending would be 話せる。

  • I can speak Japanese. = 私は日本語を話せる (potential form, no polite ending)
December 24, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/RenanContente

WHy 日本語を And not 日本語が ?

November 2, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/MustafaOuz526752
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が is used with nouns and adjectives. を is used with verbs.

December 24, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Swisidniak
Mod
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話せる, the ability to speak, should generally take が as potential verb forms are intransitive and do not take a direct object.
話す is a transitive verb so takes を

Though not standard, it is not entirely uncommon to see potential form verbs using を instead of が. Using が puts more emphasis on the language that is being spoken whereas を shows more volition in the ability to speak. The active decision and work of being able to speak rather than a natural ability to.

The example sentences that Duo uses for potential form take が

December 24, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Arachnje
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話します means “speak”, and 話せます means “can speak” or “is able to speak “

December 24, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/arikancelikok
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ありがとう

December 24, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Arachnje
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どういたしまして。You can use the same principle to change any verb from its do into can do form, which is also known as the potential form. Click here to read more about the topic.

December 24, 2017
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