https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Turulingo

Can I use (personal) pronouns in imperative sentences?

eg.: Ne lasu lin iri! - Don't let him go!

Could I write these? - Ne vi lasu lin iri! / Ne ni lasu lin iri!/ ...etc....

December 28, 2017

7 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jdroege

Esperanto is about communication. If it makes it more clear to put in the pronoun, then do so. If is already clear, you can leave it out. Think of it in terms of clarity and emphasis.

December 28, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/salivanto

I wuold say "vi ne...", "Ni ne..." so that "ne" negates the verb and not the pronoun --- but yes.

The meaning would be something like "you shouldn't let him go" and "let's not let him go."

December 29, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Turulingo

And if I want to say, that: "We have to stop him", (or Have we stop him) (?) then I Could say?: "Ni Provu lin ĉesi"

Must I use it the "ni" if i want to say that: "WE" need to stop him"? I don't know, how is it working in English too. Can one use the "we" with imperative sentences in English?

December 29, 2017

[deactivated user]

    "ni provu lin ĉesi" 'let us try to stop him' is correct but sounds a little weak ; I'd try "ni ĉesu lin" or possibly "ni devas lin ĉesi" ('we must stop him', which is not imperative)

    In English the simple imperative, where you front the verb and drop the subject, "Stop him", really only works in the second person; we usually have to translate it with forms of 'let' or 'should', which aren't as strong and are interfered with by the ther meanings of those words

    December 29, 2017

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Turulingo

    Thank you for the help. :)

    December 30, 2017

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LeeMiller9

    "ĉesi" isn't transitive, so you can't say "ĉesu lin" or "ni devas lin ĉesi".

    January 3, 2018

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Turulingo

    I understand.. thanks

    January 6, 2018
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