1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: Duolingo
  4. >
  5. Languages with the most gramm…

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LeCrioxRouge13

Languages with the most grammatical cases

Grammatical cases are what changes the tense of a noun/adjectives, cases are not found in any romance languages expect Romanian. Hungarian has the highest amount of cases than any language with 18 grammatical cases. The languages with the least grammatical cases is Irish with 3 grammatical cases.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cf/Number_of_grammatical_cases_hic01.png/400px-Number_of_grammatical_cases_hic01.png

December 29, 2017

16 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/OmegaGmaster

Tsez of the North Caucasus has 64 cases.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/exp271828

Hmmm ... does increasing the number of cases reduce the number of exceptions to the rules of the language? Common joke: In English there are no rules, only exceptions. Or, every (language) rule has its exception (except for the rule about exceptions - chuckle).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/erykzim

The constructed language Ithkuil has 96 cases. http://www.ithkuil.net/04_case.html


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LeCrioxRouge13

That's a death basket to learn.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/erykzim

It’s not a language for conversation, it’s more like a work of art.

John Quijada: “For me, the greater goal is to attempt the creation of what human beings, left to their own devices, would never create naturally, but rather only by conscious effort — an idealized language whose aim is the highest possible degree of logic, efficiency, detail, and accuracy in cognitive expression via spoken human language, while minimizing the ambiguity, vagueness, illogic, redundancy, polysemy (multiple meanings) and overall arbitrariness that is seemingly ubiquitous in natural human language.“


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/OhBoyOhBoyum

Wow. That's cool! And also.... good grief! that would take ages to learn.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Judit294350

Cases are one aspect. Also consider verb forms. Hungarian has a seven person-forms for each indefinite conjugation and six for definite. Arabic has 13 - depending on the number and sex of the persons. I was trying to remember the language that distinguishes "we" = "me and you" with "we" = "me and them" - anyone remember?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/piguy3

I was trying to remember the language that distinguishes "we" = "me and you" with "we" = "me and them" - anyone remember?

I believe there are many. Guaraní is one. The grammatical concept is called clusivity. Other taught-on-Duolingo languages listed there are Vietnamese and Mandarin. I can't speak to details about those, but verb conjugation for clusivity in Guaraní is certainly mandatory, and, in fact, the one for inclusive we is a good deal more complicated.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/OhBoyOhBoyum

Another language (among the many) that distinguishes in/exclusive "we" is the Papuan trade language Tok Pisin.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Dcarl1

If you look at the languages offered on Duolingo, this is likely accurate. However a number of the languages from the Caucasus are wildly more complex. Tabasaran and Tsez have many more than Hungarian. The counts of case seem to vary according to source, but somewhere between 48 to 64 are cited for these.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/OmegaGmaster

That's why I love the Languages of the Caucasus... ❤️


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Windrammer

You must hate yourself.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/OmegaGmaster

You're also right. ❤️


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LeCrioxRouge13

You are gonna die before you memorize all of that.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/OmegaGmaster

Not if I choose an easier Caucasian language like Circassian which only has 4 cases...

Learn a language in just 5 minutes a day. For free.