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Languages with the most grammatical cases

Grammatical cases are what changes the tense of a noun/adjectives, cases are not found in any romance languages expect Romanian. Hungarian has the highest amount of cases than any language with 18 grammatical cases. The languages with the least grammatical cases is Irish with 3 grammatical cases.


December 29, 2017



The constructed language Ithkuil has 96 cases. http://www.ithkuil.net/04_case.html


It’s not a language for conversation, it’s more like a work of art.

John Quijada: “For me, the greater goal is to attempt the creation of what human beings, left to their own devices, would never create naturally, but rather only by conscious effort — an idealized language whose aim is the highest possible degree of logic, efficiency, detail, and accuracy in cognitive expression via spoken human language, while minimizing the ambiguity, vagueness, illogic, redundancy, polysemy (multiple meanings) and overall arbitrariness that is seemingly ubiquitous in natural human language.“


Wow. That's cool! And also.... good grief! that would take ages to learn.


That's a death basket to learn.


If you look at the languages offered on Duolingo, this is likely accurate. However a number of the languages from the Caucasus are wildly more complex. Tabasaran and Tsez have many more than Hungarian. The counts of case seem to vary according to source, but somewhere between 48 to 64 are cited for these.


That's why I love the Languages of the Caucasus... ❤️


You must hate yourself.


You're also right. ❤️


You are gonna die before you memorize all of that.


Not if I choose an easier Caucasian language like Circassian which only has 4 cases...


Hmmm ... does increasing the number of cases reduce the number of exceptions to the rules of the language? Common joke: In English there are no rules, only exceptions. Or, every (language) rule has its exception (except for the rule about exceptions - chuckle).


Cases are one aspect. Also consider verb forms. Hungarian has a seven person-forms for each indefinite conjugation and six for definite. Arabic has 13 - depending on the number and sex of the persons. I was trying to remember the language that distinguishes "we" = "me and you" with "we" = "me and them" - anyone remember?


I was trying to remember the language that distinguishes "we" = "me and you" with "we" = "me and them" - anyone remember?

I believe there are many. Guaraní is one. The grammatical concept is called clusivity. Other taught-on-Duolingo languages listed there are Vietnamese and Mandarin. I can't speak to details about those, but verb conjugation for clusivity in Guaraní is certainly mandatory, and, in fact, the one for inclusive we is a good deal more complicated.


Another language (among the many) that distinguishes in/exclusive "we" is the Papuan trade language Tok Pisin.


Tsez of the North Caucasus has 64 cases.


no it's persian with only two cases


Irish? What about English? English has just 2 cases (nominative and genitive)


True. For nouns, anyway. The accusative case has managed to cling on in the tables of pronouns:

nominative: I, you, he, she, it, we, you (again), they
genitive: my, your, his, her, its, our, your (again), their
accusative: me, you, him, her, it, us, you (again), them

There's also "whom", the accusative form of "who", but I doubt that's part of the living language, these days. It's something that people might be badgered into using, once they start school, and likely not even then.


Hmm, it's a kindoff contreversial topic, this with how many cases hungarian have. The real "Cases" are actually only 3, while the other 15 are not (always) shown up as "Cases"


Yea, I think it's more convinient to have prepositions and conjuctions and etc instead of the cases, but I appreciate both manners.

Irish has only three grammatical cases? I'm convinced already that they are: nominative, genitive and accusative. Right?


I'm afraid not, they're common, vocative, genitive and dative, though the dative is nearly indistinguishable from the common now, I believe.

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