https://www.duolingo.com/LeLoup90

Languages with the most grammatical cases

Grammatical cases are what changes the tense of a noun/adjectives, cases are not found in any romance languages expect Romanian. Hungarian has the highest amount of cases than any language with 18 grammatical cases. The languages with the least grammatical cases is Irish with 3 grammatical cases.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cf/Number_of_grammatical_cases_hic01.png/400px-Number_of_grammatical_cases_hic01.png

1 year ago

18 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Dcarl1
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If you look at the languages offered on Duolingo, this is likely accurate. However a number of the languages from the Caucasus are wildly more complex. Tabasaran and Tsez have many more than Hungarian. The counts of case seem to vary according to source, but somewhere between 48 to 64 are cited for these.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/OmegaGmaster
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That's why I love the Languages of the Caucasus... ❤️

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Windrammer
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You must hate yourself.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/OmegaGmaster
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You're also right. ❤️

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/LeLoup90

You are gonna die before you memorize all of that.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/OmegaGmaster
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Not if I choose an easier Caucasian language like Circassian which only has 4 cases...

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/OmegaGmaster
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Tsez of the North Caucasus has 64 cases.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/LeLoup90

I was just looking inside Europe, is even the causcaus part of Europe?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/TimmohB

The Caucasus Mountains are in a strange region that some people consider to be in Europe and some in Asia, it usually starts arguments. It seems to be generally accepted that it is part of Asia.

http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Caucasus_Mountains

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/wombatua
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Depends. Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan (as well as Kazakhstan, which does have part of its territory in "Europe," even though whether Europe and Asia are really separate continents is a bit of a question) are all members of the Union of European Football Associations, and Georgia particularly considers itself European for various cultural reasons (early adoption of Christianity among them). "Europe" and "Asia" are more constructs in this part of the world than black and white things.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/piguy3
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I think the general understanding is that the boundary between Europe and Asia is defined by watershed divisions in the Greater Caucuses: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boundaries_between_the_continents_of_Earth#Modern_definition https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greater_Caucasus#Europe%E2%80%94Asia_boundary https://www.adventurealternative.com/whats-the-highest-mountain-in-europe/

So the vast bulk of the territory of the Caucusus nations (Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia) lies in Asia, but Georgia and Azerbaijan have small bits in Europe. And Russia also has a small amount in Asia.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/erykzim

The constructed language Ithkuil has 96 cases. http://www.ithkuil.net/04_case.html

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/OmegaGmaster
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Why...

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/erykzim

It’s not a language for conversation, it’s more like a work of art.

John Quijada: “For me, the greater goal is to attempt the creation of what human beings, left to their own devices, would never create naturally, but rather only by conscious effort — an idealized language whose aim is the highest possible degree of logic, efficiency, detail, and accuracy in cognitive expression via spoken human language, while minimizing the ambiguity, vagueness, illogic, redundancy, polysemy (multiple meanings) and overall arbitrariness that is seemingly ubiquitous in natural human language.“

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/LeLoup90

That's a death basket to learn.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/exp271828
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Hmmm ... does increasing the number of cases reduce the number of exceptions to the rules of the language? Common joke: In English there are no rules, only exceptions. Or, every (language) rule has its exception (except for the rule about exceptions - chuckle).

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Judit294350

Cases are one aspect. Also consider verb forms. Hungarian has a seven person-forms for each indefinite conjugation and six for definite. Arabic has 13 - depending on the number and sex of the persons. I was trying to remember the language that distinguishes "we" = "me and you" with "we" = "me and them" - anyone remember?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/piguy3
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I was trying to remember the language that distinguishes "we" = "me and you" with "we" = "me and them" - anyone remember?

I believe there are many. Guaraní is one. The grammatical concept is called clusivity. Other taught-on-Duolingo languages listed there are Vietnamese and Mandarin. I can't speak to details about those, but verb conjugation for clusivity in Guaraní is certainly mandatory, and, in fact, the one for inclusive we is a good deal more complicated.

1 year ago
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