https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Pickletoepi

French Story Question

When I was doing a French story, I came along the sentence "Nous n'en avons plus..."

I understand that this sentence means "We don't have any left," but I was wondering about the actual meaning of each word.

Specifically, what does the n' before the "en" do/mean?

Merci d'avance! -Pickletoepi

December 29, 2017

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jezicig

That is a short negation form (ne). We have to use n' because next word begins with vowel.

December 29, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ripcurlgirl

This sentence could be translated "we don't have anymore (of it)" or "we have no more (of it)" ne...plus (or n'....plus where ne precedes a vowel or h muet) is used to make negative sentences with "more" or "anymore".

The French use en in many instances but here it is used to replace an already mentioned noun modified by a notion of quantity (the "of it" mentioned above).

December 29, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/territrades

en is used to replace an indirect object which is used with de.

Two examples:

Je donne de l'argent --> J'en donne

Il est fier de son livre --> Il en est fier.

In your case, the full sentence should be: Nous n'avons pas plus de quelque chose.

December 30, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ripcurlgirl

I think you mean Nous n'avons plus de quelque chose. Non ?

December 30, 2017
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