"You are lying on me."
Translation:Du liegst auf mir.
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But you are lying on me may also mean an action in progress. So wouldnt "auf mich" also be used?
The accusative has nothing to do with action versus inaction.
After a two-way preposition, the accusative is used to describe the destination of a motion.
"lying" is not motion, and you can't "lie onto someone", so auf mich makes no sense here.
That means something completely different -- it means, "You are lying to me" (i.e. you are not telling the truth to me; you are saying something to me that is not correct) rather than "You are lying on me" (i.e. you are horizontal and are above me such that your body is resting on mine horizontally).
"lie" is ambiguous in English between "tell an untruth" and "rest horizontally", but in German, lügen and liegen are similar but distinct.
You would use "auf" in the sense that something is on something else. (e.g. The cat is on the sofa. = Die Katze ist auf dem Sofa.) "An" can either mean at or on as in to turn something on. (e.g. I am at the table. = Ich bin an dem Tisch. OR Mach das licht an! = Turn on the light!)
Hope this helps :)
As a rule of thumb, "stehen" is "to stand" (to be standing), "liegen" is "to lie", "legen" is "to lay", and "stellen" is "to stand", (to put something in a standing position).
The exact usage of the words in every circumstance can of course not be extensively described: My best advice would be to read as much good German as you can, and perhaps (a habit I owe a lot to) consign exemples in a file untill you get an idea of what does what ☺
In the case of the dog, it is the most common you may encounter, since a dog is either standing on its four feet, or sitting in an upright position. Since something like "Ein Hund ist im Zimmer" does not sound the best to German ears, they may prefer to state it as "Ein Hund steht im Zimmer" (more likely for animals in the wild though; for other animals, like birds or squirrels, due to their natural posture, you would use "sitzen").
If the dog had been lying at the moment, you guessed it, you would have said "Ein Hund liegt im Zimmer".
And "Du stehst auf mir" would be "you are standing on me": I'm aware of such massage technics, where the therapist applies their whole weight on the patient's back and uses their feet to massage it.
But it is obviously not what the exercice is about: One person is lying on the other, who remarks "du liegst auf me" (perhaps a young child on one of their parents, or their sibling; or a boyfriend-girlfriend situation).