"It was one year ago that she went to Beijing."
Anybody feel free to correct me if I'm wrong, but I think that would mean "She went to Beijing a year ago," which is different than "It was one year ago that she went to Beijing." Both include the basic idea of her going to Beijing a year ago, but we would (or at least I would) use the different structures in different situations; the focus is different.
If I hadn't stumbled across this website, I would probably think Desmond1132's suggestion was completely wrong.
clause + 的 + noun
Finally, we'll have a look at a slightly more complicated 的 grammar structure. Because 的 can be used to attach pretty much anything to anything else, you can use it to link entire phrases to things. The phrase then becomes a description or quality.
我买的茶 / wǒ mǎi de chá / the tea I bought
...you can attach quite complicated things to a noun using 的. That whole complex phrase just becomes an attribute of the noun.
Nǐ shì dì yī gè zhèyàng zuò de rén.
You are the first person to do it this way.
However, I do see your point and think the 是 in Desmond's answer is unnecessary when using the “clause + 的 + noun” grammar structure.
|One year ago she went to||Beijing|
The Chinese noun that follows 的 does not need to become the first word in the English translation.
In my text, one of the examples from the website is:
You are the first person to do it this way
You are suggesting that it should be: "The person is you who is first to do it this way". However, that is not a natural translation into English.
You can't always expect to follow a fixed pattern when translating a sentence from natural Chinese into natural English.
Also, 去 means go to a place. So if you really wanted Beijing to come first, it would be: "Beijing is the place that she went to one year ago" or "Beijing is where she went one year ago."
The most important thing is that the meaning is the same.
Not sure why. :-(
As you can see in these links https://www.chineseboost.com/grammar/shi4-de/ https://resources.allsetlearning.com/chinese/grammar/The_%22shi...de%22_construction_for_emphasizing_details#Position_of.E7.9A.84 , the position of 的 can come before the object when indicating a non-human (i.e. thing, place). In fact, the first link shows a very similar example to this one: 我是上个月来的北京.
They're trying to teach us 是。。。的 sentence construction which is explained in the tips section of this lesson. I'm not a native speaker but my understanding is it's a common sentence construction used to emphasize the time, which is why they're translating it as "It was one year ago that she went to Beijing" rather than "She went to Beijing one year ago." It's a little clunky for sure, but I think that's what they're going for. https://www.duolingo.com/skill/zs/Time-4/tips