Not in French, as far as I know.
If you hear "j'étais vert" it means that the person was very disappointed or highly surprised.
One can also 'feel green' in American when one is ill. But it is also used for envy. I think the envy part came from Shakespeare's use of the word. He said something like envy being a green eyed monster. I don't remember the exact quote, more's the pity.