"You are a man."
Translation:Du bist ein Mann.
One easy rule of thumb is that "Du" and "ein Mann" are here stated as being the same thing (Du = Mann) --so they're both also the same case. (In English, the sentence structure would be defined as subject-verb-predicate nominative; "ein Mann" would be called a predicate nominative)
Actually, as I understand, the situation is quite similar in many europian languages. E.g. in Russian we use 'Я есть мужчина' (usually just 'я - мужчина'), there both is nominative. And grammatically there is a pronoun in nominative - 'я' and nominal predicate in nominative 'есть мужчина' as a form of a verb 'to be (someone)' with a noun. And as I said above, usually the verb to be is missed, so we have just two nouns. And the same is in Latin e.g. 'Graecia est terra' and many others.
It's not an object. It's a predicate nominative. Here's a simple explanation: http://www.dailygrammar.com/Lesson-105-Predicate-Nominative.htm
Read the lesson tips: https://www.duolingo.com/skill/de/Accusative-Case/tips-and-notes/
More good explanations are in the comments for that lesson.
Hi d3banjan, A nominative subject is the one that performs the action and accusative object is the one that receives the action. "einen" is the accusative identifier. But 'Man' is not the accusative object here. 'You' and 'man' are actually referring to the very same person. So 'man' is a nominative predicate. Same rule applies to the example "This is an apple" = "Das ist ein apfel". Hope this helps :)
Hi @ji.luchan! It can be einen too! However, if you were to say: "Sie ist eine Frau und er ist einen Mann", you would use "einen" because the sentence isn't only about the man. However, if you were to say: "Er ist ein Mann", you would use "ein" since the sentence is only about the man. Hope this is helpful! Auf Wiedersehen!
Du bist = you (singular, informal) are a man
Sie sind = you (singular, formal) are a man
The plural would be
Ihr seid Männer = you (plural, informal) are men
Sie sind Männer = you (plural, formal) are men
To anyone wondering, yes, "Sie sind" can be both singular and plural depending on context, and "Sie" has to be capitalized in order to mean "you".
Hope that helps!
Yes. Read the lesson tips here: https://www.duolingo.com/skill/de/Basics-1/tips-and-notes/
See the lesson tips: https://www.duolingo.com/skill/de/Basics-1/tips-and-notes/
Every verb has different forms (called conjugations) to match the different pronouns:
For the verb "to eat":
For the verb "to be":
It's similar in German, but it has its own rules. Duolingo's lesson tips explain it a bit: https://www.duolingo.com/skill/de/Basics-1/tips-and-notes/
Yes, all nouns are capitalised in German. This is different to English. But really, it's helpful since it's easier to see which words are verbs and which are nouns!
This is mentioned in Duolingo's lesson tips: https://www.duolingo.com/skill/de/Basics-1/tips-and-notes/
You need to match the pronoun with the right conjugation of the verb. In English, that looks like "you are" or "I am" but not 'I are' or 'you am'. In German you would need ihr seid or Sie sind, for example, but not 'ihr sind' or 'Sie seid'.
Additionally, ihr seid means "you are" when talking to more than one person (like, "you guys" or "you all"). Hence, it does not make logical sense to say "you are all a man". It would need to be "you are men" (i.e. plural). But that is a different sentence to what Duo wants us to translate.
"Du bist ein Mann" is used when talking to someone you know. It is informal. However, when talking to someone you don't know, you would use "Sie sind ein Mann". This is formal.
You can learn more here: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/6421410/Du-vs-Sie People can explain it better than me :)
yeah.. I was struck by the same question because my only previous experience was with sanskrit where this does NOT happen!
"A predicate noun or predicate nominative is a noun that restates the subject. A predicate noun can occur only with the verbs sein, heißen, werden, and occasionally bleiben."
Maybe reading up on grammatical objects would help: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Direct_object
The object of a sentence is the substantive that is "acted upon", while the subject is the one doing the acting. So in "I am eating bread", "I" is the subject and "bread" is the object, since I am doing the eating, while the bread is the thing that is being eaten. In German, subjects are in the nominative and (most) objects are in the accusative.
Later you will need to distinguish between direct and indirect objects in order to use the dative case correctly. This is somewhat subtler.
Actually, the (MOST) was meant to refer to indirect objects, which are in the dative :)
I think that in "to be" the substantives are being compared and not acted upon or acting. Since they "have the same role" they must be in the same case, and sort of default to the nominative.
Not a very good explanation, but maybe it's the correct intuition :)
Nicht gern! Not at all! However, you would only use "Du bist ein Mann" in an informal situation (talking to friends, family, etc.).
People can explain it better than me here: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/6421410/Du-vs-Sie Auf Wiedersehen!
Hallo! Great Question! Du and Sie both mean 'you'. However, du is informal whilst sie is formal. Learn more here: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/6421410/Du-vs-Sie Tschuss!
Hello @CasualAnthropod. Great Question! "Sie sind ein Mann" is very formal. You would use this, for example, if you were talking to someone you just met. On the other hand, "Du bist ein Mann" is used in informal conversations, for example, talking to friends or family. Learn more here: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/6421410/Du-vs-Sie Tschuss!
The only context I can think of where this would work would be if multiple people were dressed up to make a giant. Like one guy sitting on another guy's shoulders with a robe on so it looks like it's a 12 foot giant. Maybe for a play or something where the director hands a large robe to two people and says "You (two) are a man".
Far fetched explanation, I know. Ihr seid ein Mann really shouldn't be accepted.
Definitely not. The ß used to be equivalent to ss, but never a single s. Now, there are rules about when to use ß and ss: http://german.about.com/library/weekly/aa092898.htm
I dont think the issue is the use of Sie or Du here. I'm not positive, but if I had to guess it is my understanding that Mensch more accurately translates to "human being" and is technically not a part of the vocabulary Duolingo has covered at this point in the lessons. Considering the other tasks use Mann as the translation for man I don't think it expected to see Mensch.