Icelandic from Zero: Lesson #4
Previous lesson: Lesson #3, To be
Yesterday, we learned how to say "I am...", "you are...", and so on. Today we are gonna learn some basic nouns for you to be!
Nous have four cases: nominative, accusative, dative and genitive. Today, we are just going to learn about nominative singular nouns. Icelandic nouns are also classified by gender. Words that I don't identify the gender of are neuter.
Orðaforði | Vocabulary
♂Maður: (a) Man; Human hear
♀Kona: (a) Woman hear
Barn: (a) Child hear
♂Strákur: (a) Boy hear
♀Stelpa: (a) Girl hear
Note: We do not have indefinite articles (a/an) in Icelandic. However, we do have definite articles (the) for each case. They are added to the end of nouns as suffixes.
-inn/-nn: Masculine "the"
-in/-n: Feminine "the"
-ið/-ð: Neuter "the"
Maðurinn: The man
Barnið: The child
Konan: The woman
Stelpan: The girl
As you can see above, if a noun ends in a vowel, the suffix loses the (i). Therefore, it is Konan and not Konain...
Þú ert maður=You are a man
Ég er kona=I am a woman
Barnið er stelpa=The child is a girl
Strákurinn er barn=The boy is a child (obviously)
Additional examples using ekki (not):
Þú ert ekki kona, þú ert maður=You are not a woman, you are a man.
Ég er ekki barn!=I am not a child!
I know that might have been a little too much to learn at once, sorry!
If you have any questions or comments, please let me know.
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