Icelandic from Zero: Lesson #5
Previous lesson: Lesson #4, Basic nouns and articles
I know I have already posted a lesson today, but I wanted to fit one more in because I may not be able to bring you one tomorrow (for personal reasons). Don't worry though, this is more of a mini lesson! The topic: the many ways of saying hello.
Hæ, hæ!=Hey hey (Friendly, common infromal term)
Halló=Hello (Very general term, acceptable in almost all cases)
Halló allir!=Hello everyone!
Sæll=Hey (To a man, informal, lit.Happy in old Norse)
Sæl=Hey (To a woman, informal, lit.Happy in old Norse)
Blessaður=Hello(Lit.Blessed. To a man)
Blessuð=Hello (Lit.Blessed. To a woman)
Sæll og blessaður=Hello (Lit. Happy and blessed, To a man)
Sæl og blessuð=Hello (Lit. Happy and blessed, To a woman)
Komdu blessaður=Hello (Lit. Come blessed, To a man)
Komdu blessuð=Hello (Lit. Come blessed, To a woman)
Komdu sæll=Hello (Lit. Come happy, To a man)
Komdu sæl=Hello (Lit. Come happy, To a woman)
Komdu sæll og blessaður=Hello (Lit. Come happy and blessed, To a man)
Komdu sæl og blessuð=Hello (Lit. Come happy and blessed, To a woman)
Also, when talking to groups of people comprised of only one gender, change sæl/sæll to sælir/sælar and blessaður/blessuð to blessaðir/blessaðar respectively depending if they are male or female.
I know that was pretty complicated, but don't worry! Just use Halló or Hæ! and you'll be just fine.
As a bonus, here are some pictures of where I grew up in Iceland (Kópavogur). I left Iceland when I was 8 and have only been back once.
Memrise course created by @Woof.: click here
I am still in the process of creating a "repository post" as suggested by @OmegaGmaster.
Not long after I was married, we got tricked into a timeshare presentation. The lady from the timeshare place was talking about how they had timeshares all over the world and asked were we to travel abroad, to what country would we want to go? I said Iceland and it wasn't in her book. "Maybe it's in Central Europe." she said, brushing the issue aside. No, timeshare lady. Iceland is not in central Europe.
Iceland, not Icelandic. Icelandic is the language spoken in Iceland, Iceland is the place where Icelandic is spoken, and where the OP lived until she was eight.
"Is it all ways cold up there?"
"...Iceland is actually quite warm. Wintertime on average is warmer in Iceland than both the Eastern coast of the U.S and also warmer than Northern Europe. Unless there are heavy winds, which often rage, the weather here is quite lovely for deep winter. In the lowlands it very seldom goes below zero degrees Celsius. More often it hoovers between 0 and 4 degrees. However, this changes rapidly if you venture high in this country. Temperature at Thingvellir can reach minus 20 in a heartbeat and often present wind chill factor easily turns that into 30 minus."
"In summertime, Iceland has fantastic weather in our view. Never so warm you´ll start to sweat but also never too cold for a nice picnic or a camping trip."