His and her in french (possessive pronouns)
I have a question. If you look at this sentence:
Anna gives her friend a gift
And you want to translate it into french. Would you have to know if "her" is Anna or "her" is another female person? In my native language we use a different word if "her" is Anna or "her" is someone else with a friend. This could probably be asked more grammatically but I want to know what french is doing on this one. :-)
In French, possessive adjectives (possessive pronouns are different) match the object in gender and number.
J'ai ton chapeau → "I have your hat"
J'ai ses chats → "I have her cats"
Tu as ma robe → "You have my dress"
However "her friend" will always use the possessive "son" because both "ami" (masc) and "amie" (fem) begin with a vowel.
So, "Anna gives her friend a gift" → Anna donne un cadeau à son ami / amie
If Anna's friend was already identified in a previous sentence such as:
Anna aime bien son amie, Marie. → "Anna likes her friend Marie",
you could follow this with a sentence using an indirect object pronoun:
Elle lui donne un cadeau → "She gives her a gift"