His and her in french (possessive pronouns)

I have a question. If you look at this sentence:

Anna gives her friend a gift

And you want to translate it into french. Would you have to know if "her" is Anna or "her" is another female person? In my native language we use a different word if "her" is Anna or "her" is someone else with a friend. This could probably be asked more grammatically but I want to know what french is doing on this one. :-)

January 6, 2018


In French, possessive adjectives (possessive pronouns are different) match the object in gender and number.


J'ai ton chapeau → "I have your hat"
J'ai ses chats → "I have her cats"
Tu as ma robe → "You have my dress"

However "her friend" will always use the possessive "son" because both "ami" (masc) and "amie" (fem) begin with a vowel.

So, "Anna gives her friend a gift" → Anna donne un cadeau à son ami / amie

If Anna's friend was already identified in a previous sentence such as:

Anna aime bien son amie, Marie. → "Anna likes her friend Marie",

you could follow this with a sentence using an indirect object pronoun:

Elle lui donne un cadeau → "She gives her a gift"

Read these: ; and

January 6, 2018

There is no possessive reflexive pronouns in French as in English so you can't know if there is no context

January 6, 2018
Learn French in just 5 minutes a day. For free.