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  5. "I do not have a key."

"I do not have a key."

Translation:저는 열쇠가 없어요.

January 8, 2018



Why doesn't key have 를 at the end instead of 가?


있다 and 없다 roughly translate as: to have/have not, to exist/not exist, or to be/not be at a location. Each of these sound like active verbs, but 있다 and 없다 are actually descriptive verbs (adjectives).

Only active verbs can act on an object. You can drive/clean/crash a car, but you can't fast/pretty/bad a car. So 을/를 isn't the correct particle since its purpose is to define objects for active verbs.

Instead, 있다 and 없다 always pair the object with 이/가 for sentences related to have/have not and exist/not exist.

For Japanese speakers, 이/가 is similar to the usage of が with あります/います.

The particle 에 is for those times 있다 and 없다 mean to be/not be at a location.


That explains a lot! Thank you.


I'm not a native nor am I fluent so I don't know if this is right but I believe it's because you can just say "열쇠가 없어요" without needing to precise the subject, making the key subject. I hope that was clear...

[deactivated user]

    I came to ask the same question


    Ditto. Hopefully with three people wondering the same thing, someone will answer.


    Why is 난 열쇠가 없어요 not accepted?

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