https://www.duolingo.com/ChrisKrunchy

Difference between "-град" and "-бург"

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Петроград = city of Peter Санкт Петербург = also city of Peter

What difference does it make from -град to -бург?

1/12/2018, 1:36:18 AM

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/slogger
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Side note, FWIW: град is borrowed from Old Church Slavonic (the first written language that Russians used, an earlier form of Bulgarian) and is the equivalent of город, "town." There are many pairs like this--глава/голова, "head" (chapter), злато/золото, "gold" etc.--with the originally Russian forms often having more vowels. So -бург -град have the same meaning

1/12/2018, 6:57:19 PM

https://www.duolingo.com/Kundoo
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"Санкт-Петербург" is a Dutch name. Yes, it's how the city was named initially, because Peter the Great was a big fan of the Netherlands. "Петроград" is essentially a Russian translation which was given to the city during the World War I to make it sound more patriotic . Nowdays the official name is "Санкт-Петербург" again.

So, in short, "бург" is not a Russian word (you can't really call it a loan word, because it doesn't exist in Russian outside of a few city names), while "град" is (though it's archaic now), that's all.

1/12/2018, 2:47:58 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/LICA98
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Санкт-Петербург (with -)

1/12/2018, 5:20:09 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/Kundoo
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Sure, thanks.

1/12/2018, 5:27:21 AM
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