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Latvian 8 Accusative case and food

[deactivated user]

    Sveiki!
    Today we are going to learn:
    accusative case
    food.

    Akuzatīvs

    1. deklinācija.
      -s, -š -> -u
      Ēdiens (food, Ē is narrow) - ēdienu, ābols - ābolu, vējš - vēju.

    2. deklinācija.
      -is -> -i
      Kaķis - kaķi, suns - suni, akmens - akmeni.

    3. deklinācija.
      -us -> -u
      Ledus - ledu, medus - medu.

    4. deklinācija.
      -a -> -u
      Sula (juice) - sulu, kūka (cake) - kūku.

    5. deklinācija.
      -e -> -i
      Maize (bread) - maizi, Ilze - Ilzi.

    6. deklinācija.
      -s -> -i
      Nakts - nakti, uguns - uguni.

    Plural
    Vīriešu dzimte
    -i -> -us
    Āboli - ābolus, apelsīni (oranges) - apelsīnus.
    Sieviešu dzimte
    Doesn't change. Kūkas - kūkas, sviestmaizes (sandwiches) - sviestmaizes.

    Īpašības vārdu akuzatīvs
    Liels, lielais - lielu, lielo
    Liela, lielā - lielu, lielo
    Lieli, lielie - lielus, lielos
    Lielas, lielās - lielas, lielās

    Vocabulary - food

    Ābols - an apple
    Apelsīns - an orange
    Auglis - a fruit, in plural - augļi
    Banāns - a banana
    Burkāns - a carrot
    Citrons - a lemon (O is like O in ORANGE)
    Cukurs - sugar
    Dārzenis - a vegetable, in plural - dārzeņi (E is narrow)
    Dzert - to drink (E is narrow)
    Dzēriens - a drink (Ē is narrow)
    Ēdiens - food (Ē is narrow)
    Ēst - to eat (Ē is narrow)
    Gaļa - meat
    Kafija - coffee
    Kartupelis - a potato
    Kūka - a cake
    Maize - bread
    Medus - honey
    Mērce - sauce (Ē is narrow)
    Makaroni - pasta (O is like O in ORANGE)
    Ola - an egg (O is like UO)
    Pankūka - a pancake
    Piens - milk
    Rīsi - rise
    Sāls - salt
    Siers - cheese
    Sīpols - an onion
    Sula - juice
    Sviests - butter
    Sviestmaize - a sandwich
    Tēja - tea (Ē is narrow)
    Tomāts - a tomato (this isn't a Latvian word so O is like O in OFFICE)
    Zemene - a strawberry (all E are narrow)
    Zivs - a fish (sieviešu dzimte)
    Zupa - soup

    *The usual accent is on the first vowel or diphtong.

    Es ēdu ābolu (I eat an apple, Ē in "ēdu" is wide)
    Tu ēd apelsīnu (You eat an orange, Ē in "ēd" is narrow)
    Viņš ēd banānu (He eats a banana, Ē in "ēd" is wide)
    Mēs ēdam burkānus (We eat carrots, Ē in "ēdam" is wide)
    Jūs ēdat dārzeņus (You eat vegetables, Ē in "ēdat" is wide)
    Viņi ēd gaļu (They eat meat, Ē in "ēd" is wide, the same as singular 3rd person)

    Es dzeru sulu (I drink juice, E in "dzeru" is wide)
    Tu dzer kafiju (You drink coffee, E in "dzer" is narrow)
    Viņš dzer tēju (He drinks tea, E in "dzer" is wide)
    Mēs dzeram dzērienu (We drink a drink, E in "dzeram" is wide)
    Jūs dzerat ābolu sulu (You drink apple juice, E in "dzerat" is wide)
    Viņi dzer melno tēju (They drink the black tea)

    January 13, 2018

    4 Comments


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Everdella

    These lessons are great! :D


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/8794554

    Thank you for sharing!! The Baltic languages are beautiful. Hopefully, one-day Duolingo will add them as courses. : )

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