1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: Duolingo
  4. >
  5. Latvian course 11 Animals

Latvian course 11 Animals

[deactivated user]

    Sveiki!
    Today we are going to learn:
    animals;
    diminutive;
    some verbs;
    how to negate sentences.

    Today's vocabulary (I won't write if O sounds like UO, I will write if O doesn't sound like UO):
    Barība - food
    Barot - to feed (baroju, baro, baro, barojam, barojat, baro)
    Bite - a bee
    Cūka - a pig
    Dzīvnieks - an animal
    Dzīvot - to live (dzīvoju, dzīvo, dzīvo, dzīvojam, dzīvojat, dzīvo)
    Govs - a cow (sieviešu dzimte, 6. deklinācija)
    Gulēt - to sleep (guļu, guli, guļ, guļam, guļat, guļ)
    Kaķis - a cat
    Kaķene - a female cat
    Kukainis - an insect
    Lācis - a bear, daudzskaitlī - lāči
    Lācene - a female bear
    Lauva - a lion (if you are talking about a male lion, you have to use masculine adjectives)
    Lauvene - a female lion
    Mežs - a forest
    Muša - a fly
    Suns - a dog, daudzskaitlī - suņi (2. deklinācija)
    Papagailis - a parrot, daudzskaitlī - papagaiļi
    Pele - a mouse, all E are narrow
    Pīle - a duck
    Putns - a bird
    Tauriņš, taurenis - a butterfly, daudzskaitlī - tauriņi, taureņi
    Tīģeris - a tiger, daudzskaitlī - tīģeri
    Trusis - a rabbit, daudzskaitlī - truši
    Zilonis - elephant, daudzskaitlī - ziloņi
    Zirgs - a horse
    Zirneklis - a spider, daudzskaitlī - zirnekļi

    Difference between "barība" and "ēdiens"
    The word "ēdiens" is made from the verb "ēst". The word "barība" is made from "barot" and is used to mention animal food.

    You can make diminutive by adding "-iņ-" before "-a" and "-s" or "-īt-" before "-is" and "-e".
    Kaķis - kaķītis, suns - sunītis, putns - putniņš, zirgs - zirdziņš, pele - pelīte, pīle - pīlīte, muša - mušiņa, cūka - cūciņa.

    You can negate sentences by adding "ne-" (E is narrow) in front a verb.
    Es neguļu - I don't sleep
    Tu neesi - You aren't
    ! The negative form of "ir" is "nav"

    Sentences.

    Man ir liels suns. - I have a big dog.
    Lesija ir suns. - Lassie is a dog.
    Bella nav kaķis, viņa ir trusis. - Bella isn't a cat, she is a rabbit.
    Manai draudzenei ir divi truši. - My friend has two rabbits.
    Lāči dzīvo mežā. - Bears live in forest.
    Mēs barojam putniņus. - We feed birds.
    Viņam ir trīs zirgi, divas govis un trīs cūkas. - He has three horses, two cows and three pigs.
    Daži dzīvnieki naktī neguļ. - Some animals don't sleep at night.
    Mušas, tauriņi un bites ir kukaiņi, bet zirnekļi nav. - Flies, butterflies and bees are insects but spiders aren't.
    Papagailis ir skaists putns. - Parrot is a beautiful bird.
    Ziloņi ir lieli, bet peles ir mazas. - Elephants are big but mouses are small.
    Pīles un papagaiļi ir putni. - Ducks and parrots are birds.
    Latvijā nedzīvo ziloņi, lauvas un tīģeri. - In Latvia, there don't live elephants, lions and tigers.
    Es suņus nebaroju ar suņu barību. Mani suņi ēd gaļu. - I don't feed dogs with dog food. My dogs eat meat.

    All lessons are here:
    https://www.duolingo.com/comment/25678942

    January 20, 2018

    6 Comments


    [deactivated user]

      [deactivated user]

        [deactivated user]
          Learn a language in just 5 minutes a day. For free.