"A man who kicks a ball"
Translation:공을 차는 남자
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Oh dear it's fine don't panic. In several languages there are some words which have different meanings.We are glad that you're learning. Cheer up!
The "-은/는/을 것" is ONLY used to create gerunds.
Q1.) What is a gerund? Ans: A gerund is a verb in the NOUN FORM usually seen as verb+ing form.
1.) I like sleeping. = (나는) 자는 것은 좋아해요.
2.) Dancing is hard. = 춤을 추는 것이 어려워요.
You can find more USEFUL information here :
TTMIK : https://talktomeinkorean.com/curriculum/level-2-korean-grammar/lessons/level-2-lesson-19/
How to study Korean : https://www.howtostudykorean.com/unit-2-lower-intermediate-korean-grammar/unit-2-lessons-26-33/lesson-26/
On the other hand, "A man who kicks a ball", describes the man using the verb in its 'describtive form'
•To change a verb in the descriptive form,
Verb stem + 는(Present), -ㄴ/은(Past), -ㄹ/을(Future).
Example : –
1.) 차다 - to kick
Present : 차 + 는 = 차는
The man who kicks the ball = 공을 차는 남자
Past : 차 + ㄴ = 찬
The man who kicked the ball = 공을 찬 남자
Future : 차 + ㄹ = 찰
The man who will kick the ball = 공을 찰 남자
TTMIK : https://talktomeinkorean.com/curriculum/level-3-korean-grammar/lessons/level-3-lesson-14/