Why Doesn't the German Course Cover This?
I have really enjoyed learning German! But there are two things so far that I find strange the course doesn't cover.
One is, why doesn't it start off on square one by explaining the different sounds that letters and letter combinations make? As well as umlaut sounds. I realize this can be picked up by hearing the audio, but I think there should be a lot of notes about pronunciations. Especially since some learners cannot have audio in certain situations. When I'm free at work, I learn on my computer that has no sound. Therefore, I did not find out until yesterday (when I had a chance to use audio on my phone) that the word "sie" is pronounced "zee". I thought it sounded like "see" and wish I could've had a pronunciation table to study beforehand and during. I just had to find one on a different website.
Two, there needs to be some kind of guide as how to identify a word's gender. Is there any kind of method or things to look for? Or is it pure memorization? That can be hard, as there are three different ways to say "the", depending on a word's gender and other things. A guide to this is also something I'm going to have to find elsewhere.
No big deal, just a little surprising and maybe the course contributors should considering adding these things in.
Also, I'm surprised numbers have not been introduced yet. I'm almost 30% fluent now, with not a single number lesson showing up.
Any other German learners notice these things? Maybe it's introduced later? I can't imagine why it would be taught late in the course....
Maybe you're right with the pronounciation help, since German sounds are very different from how English speaking people would pronounce them. With the genders it's difficult. Ther e are some classes of words where you can see the gender, but for most words you have to memorize it. For example, nearly all words ending in -ung, -tät or -ion are female, words ending in -ling, -ig or -ich are male and words ending in -chen are neuters, if they are diminutives. See also here https://deutsch.lingolia.com/en/grammar/nouns-and-articles/gender
Unfortunately this can only be a guideline. For many of them there are a lot of counterexamples: Die Mauer, die Mutter, die Frist, der Tanz, der Schwanz, der Hase, .... Short and common words are very difficult to guess, rare and long words seem to obey better to those rules ;-).
I've never found formal pronunciation tables terribly useful (probably since I just can't be bothered to learn almost another language just pronounce the one I'm learning) but imagine that creating pronunciation guidelines is not that easy on a site with global reach.
Even in your simple example, saying that "sie" sounds like "zee" only works if your mother tongue 1) has the "z" character and 2) pronounces it in a way that will help. I just find it easier to go to an online dictionary (like Dict.cc), pick a few words and listen to them to learn the sounds.
Genders - as others have said, while there are broad tendencies, you've just got to memorize them. It does get easier with time and even Germans sometimes mess them up :)
Numbers should be introduced a bit earlier since they are really useful but in daily life (such as shopping, waiting for a train, finding when a movie plays, etc.) you can almost always see the numbers and respond appropriately. I've found at least in Germany and most of South America that it's more important to know what the heck you're eating and how to get from one place to another than counting things or dealing with payment issues.
One good reason may be that the sound that comes from Duo in many formats is not really clear. Think about how many times it was hard to understand the German audio in some lessons and you may come to the conclusion that it would be a big waste of time for Duo to try and do this.
Stimmt jemand anderes mit mir überein?
Yep, absolutely. Even as a native it is hard to understand every spoken word. Remember, it is a program, free of charge, to help you along for the first steps. If you need audio feed, just enter the forum and look out for German resources, there must be dozens of entries about this topic. Genuine phrases just to get used to the genuine sound.