https://www.duolingo.com/Strategon

[DEUTSCH] an/in

Why is it "im Sommer, im Winter" and not "am Sommer, am Winter"?

I've noted that an can mean in or on for temporal, and so can in, so can I use "am Sommer, am Winter"?

January 28, 2018

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Heike333145

I think there is no "why" -- this is just how we say things.

We use the preposition "an" with days or dates:

Am Mittwoch gehe ich zum Karatekurs.

Am 14. Februar ist Valentinstag.

We use "um" with time:

Um 14 Uhr beginnt der Sprachkurs.

Um Mitternacht schlafe ich meistens.

We use "in" with extended periods of time: Seasons, months, weeks, years etc:

Im Sommer machen wir Urlaub.

In der Woche vom 1. bis 8. August bin ich nicht im Büro.

Im Jahr 1960 gab es noch kein Internet.

January 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/buck72

Thank you for the time you take in answering questions and giving many examples. Some Lingots in appreciation. :)

January 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Heike333145

Oh! Thank you very much! :-)

January 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/MortiBiRD

You can not say "am Sommer" in a temporal meaning.

Temporal am is only used when you have a specific point in time and you describe a day, daytime, date or say Anfang/Ende. Am Samstag (The point in time is saturday). Am Sommeranfang (the point in time is the beginning of the summer).

Temporal in is used to describe a time spawn or an unspecific point within this timespawn. In einer Woche gehe ich... In 5 Minuten beginnt... In 281 Tagen ist... This always expresses something in the future (even when the present is used to describe the future).

Temporal um is used to express the time (Uhrzeit) similar to The train arrives AT 5 o'clock.

January 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/buck72

Thank you for the time you take in answering questions and giving examples. Some Lingots in appreciation. :)

January 28, 2018
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