Mangent, manges, Etc?
I keep getting stuck on the words "mangent, mange, and manges." (Did I get all of those correct?) How do I know when to use one in what sentence?
The ending of verbs change depending of the pronoun it's used with: this is called conjugation. For instance, in English, we say "I eat" but "he eats", "I am" but "You are".
In French, this happens too, but it's more complex. Regular -er verbs like "manger" (to eat) conjugate like this in the present tense:
Je mange (I eat)
Tu manges (You eat)
Il/elle/on mange (He/she/one eats)
Nous mangeons (We eat)
Vous mangez (You all eat)
Ils/elles mangent (They eat)
Note that mange, manges and mangent are spelt differently, but pronounced identically.
Mange is for I ( I eat = je mange) Mangent is for they (ils/elles mangent)
Manges is for the informal you ( You eat = tu manges) BUT the formal you is (vous mangez)
You use "tu" if it's one friend and "vous" if it's either a formal person like a boss or multiple people.
Another tip, if you do Duolingo from the computer (as opposed to some app based version), you can click on the module, then scroll down on the next screen and it will show you tips.
Those same conjugation rules for manger are show under the basics 1 module.
You will run into the same types of conjugation questions when you get to the tenses (past and future) because there are new endings to the same verbs you have already learned. Those modules will give you some great tips on how to conjugate, when, and why.
e.g. "I was eating" becomes "Je mangeais" and "I will eat" becomes "Je mangerai."
I took a basic french class through the recreation department for $35 and it was a great class to pick up tenses, really helped me put together conjugation in Duolingo. Lots of free youtube videos too.
Salut! (: I hope this will help you:
This conjugation you are thinking of is the Avoir verb ending with "er". The conjugation may be confusing at first, but once you notice what subject you are talking about, you will be able to put the verb and conjugate it using Avoir. (You can always look this up on YouTube if this doesn't help). Avoir means "to have". Avoir verb conjugations: Je/J'ai (I/I have) EX: J'ai ma famille. (I have my family.) Tu/Tu es (You/You have) EX: Tu es un chat. (You have a cat.) *Keep in mind that you usually will only use the "Tu" form of "You" in French when the person you are talking to is your family, close friends, or someone you trust, vice versa. Il/Elle/On (He/She/One) EX: Elle mange la fraise. (She is eating the strawberry.) Nous (We) EX: Nous dansons avec notre famille. (We dance with our family.) Vous (You) EX: Vous dansez avec votre famille. (You dance with your family.) Ils/Elles (They/They) EX: Elles aiment monter à cheval. (They love horseback riding.) So for the whole conjugation "Avoir": Je: J'ai Tu: Tu es Il/Elle/On: Verb stays the same Nous: Add "ons" to the end of the verb Vous: Add "z" to the end of a verb, add "ez" if verb does not already end with an "e" Ils/Elles: Add "nt" to the end of a verb, add "ent" if verb does not already end with an "e" I sure hope this helped! Au revoir. Bon journée!