French Future using aller
I'm pretty new at learning French, but I can speak Spanish at a pretty high level. In Spanish, there are two different ways to use the future tense.
First, you can use the future tense endings.
- Yo compraré la manzana.
Or, you can use the verb "ir" to form the future just like in English - Yo voy a comprar la manzana.
My question is, can you do the same thing with French? Can you say for example... -Je vais acheter la pomme
If so, do you need to put anything in between the "vais" and the "acheter" as in spanish like the "a"?
Sorry if that's confusing, please let me know!
The resource below should prove helpful to you.
Yes, French has "le futur proche" (je vais acheter...) and "le futur simple" (j'achèterai...), which comes with its own set of conjugations.
The general rule is to add -ai (je), -as (tu), -a (il/elle/on), -ons (nous), -ez (vous), -ont (ils/elles), to the end of the stems of verbs (i.e. I will buy → j'acheter[ai], he will wear → il porter[a]).
However, some stems will be irregular, like voir (to see) → je verrai, tu verras, il/elle/on verra, etc. Here's a short list:
- Aller → ir-
- Avoir → aur-
- Courir → courr-
- Devoir → devr-
- Envoyer → enverr-
- Être → ser-
- Faire → fer-
- Falloir → faudr-
- Mourir → mourr-
- Pleuvoir → pleuvr-
- Pouvoir → pourr-
- Recevoir → recevr-
- Savoir → saur-
- Tenir → tiendr-
- Valoir → vaudr-
- Venir → viendr-
- Voir → verr-
- Vouloir → voudr-
I don't know if it's the same in Spanish, but the "futur simple" is a bit more formal than the "futur proche", and the "futur proche" is used to describe events that are going to happen soon/in the near future, whereas the "futur simple" tends to describe something that will happen sometime later.
The short answer is “yes”; it’s called the “futur proche”. You don’t add anything like “a” in Spanish; you just say “Je vais acheter la pomme.” Curious that French has no preposition and Spanish does. I wonder about Portuguese and Italian?
The futur proche is very widely used, especially in oral communication. It’s my default whenever I speak about the future in French.
(And as Sweilan1 suggested, you might want to consider moving this post to the French forum from the Duolingo General forum).
Je achèterai la pomme...Yo compraré la manzana... ...........Je vais acheter la pomme...Yo voy a comprar la manzana