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https://www.duolingo.com/darth10ter

Difference between past and present perfect

darth10ter
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I just finished the Present Perfect skill and my next skill is Past Perfect. This skill doesn't come with a lesson about how to use/the syntax of the new verbs. Could someone explain the differences between these two tenses and maybe give some examples? Thanks. :)

4 years ago

8 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/WordJigsaw
WordJigsaw
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Present perfect = I have done, formed using the present of haber + past participle. Example: He comido una manzana = I have eaten an apple

Past perfect = I had done, formed using the imperfect of haber + past participle. Example: había comido una manzana = I had eaten an apple

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Samsta
Samsta
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In some places the present perfect is used when we would normally use the simple past in English. I was on vacation last week with my friends from Madrid, and I heard (and used) a lot more present perfect than simple past. For example, a little girl who doesn't know very much English always asks me to translate for her by saying, "¿Qué me ha dicho?" which literally means "What has he/she said to me?" but what it really means is "What did he/she say?" When we were ordering food at a restaurant, my friend asked, "Tú, ¿qué has pedido?" (it was really more like "tuquehaspedido" :)) which literally means "What have you ordered?"

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/darth10ter
darth10ter
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Thanks!

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CattleRustler

just remember...

he, has, ha, hemos, han

habia, habias, habia, habiamos, habian (all with accent on the i)

and you'll do fine. just ten cuidado, the sentences start to get dumb. I am at future perfect, the sentences are ultra dumb

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MystyrNile
MystyrNile
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Present perfect: before now

Past perfect: before a previously mentioned(or implied) time, which is itself before now

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/buhitor

ive got a exam do you now web peaje about this?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/buhitor

hola dartyh 120other muchgas grac ias eres un canuto

3 years ago