https://www.duolingo.com/profile/silenciador9

German verb structure?

Hi I want some help with German verbs. they are confusing to me and I want to know if they have any similarities to Spanish verbs

February 5, 2018

7 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Islacorn

Which verbs are confusing you? I don't think its very similar to Spanish since German is Germanic based whereas Spanish is Latin based. If you give examples I can help you more but the standard conjucation goes like this:

Most verbs in infinitive form end with -en eg:Spielen

Present tense congugation:

Ich spiele

Du spielst

Er/sie/es spielt

sie(they) spielen

sie(formal you) spielen

ihr spielt

I hope this helps if you have any other questions feel free to ask me

February 5, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/silenciador9

also is there no difference between he reads and he is reading if im correct?

February 6, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Max.Em

Exactly. If you want to make it clear, you can add an adverb or an adverbial, like "Er liest gerade" (most common), "Er liest im Moment", "Er liest momentan", "Er liest jetzt". There is something like an inofficial German progressive tense, that is mostly used in colloquial speaking: "Er ist am Lesen".

February 6, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/silenciador9

Danke!

February 7, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/silenciador9

Thank you a lot. so -en is basically like ar er ir endings.

February 6, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Max.Em

Basically they follow the same rules, they differ in mode, tense and grammatical person, there's a more or less specific ending assigned to every person, there are a lot of irregular verbs and there is a similar set of tenses, but no gerund and no imperfect, so this is similar to Spanish, but the word order differs quite a lot as German is not an s-v-o language but the main-clause structure is described as v2, so the verb is in the 2nd position and the rest follows a more liberal set of rules.

Or is there anything specific that you would like to know?

Personally I like this site, since there are explanations in multiple languages, also in Spanish: https://deutsch.lingolia.com/es/gramatica/verbos

February 6, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/silenciador9

Danke. I will need to study up more

February 6, 2018
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