Because the object (here "apple") and its article will change depending on the grammatical case. Search in the forum for "German cases" to learn about the nominative, genitive, dative and accusative case and how an object's position in a sentence will impact it. E.g. "das ist ein Apfel" uses "ein Apfel" as an nominative object whereas "Ich esse einen Apfel" uses the pronoun "ich" as the nominative object/the agent and "einen Apfel" as the nominative object"/the acted upon object.
Can you give me the link @Julika, I dont know how to search in the forum :(
You mean that " ich" act as the nominative and "einen Apfel" uses the accusative? Because "ein" in acusative for masculine is "einen"
There is no object in this sentence. It has the structure "A = B". B is either a noun or an adjective.
That's right, Apfel is not an object here. Apfel and das refer to the same entity, that's why both are in nominative!
Because in this case, the apple is not the subject, if the apple was the subject it would be 'ein' and if it isnt it is just 'einen'
Um, no. It can't be einen because it's not a direct object. ein Apfel in this sentence is actually a "subject complement".
Das is the subject, so it translates to THIS regardless of gender. When it is describing THE apple it would be Der, but when it is describing AN apple, it's das ist eine Apfel.
I got this wrong, not a problem. What it does not do is give me ANY indication of why I got it wrong.
This is what is called a predicate noun. In other words, the subject refers to the object. In this case, the subject is 'Es' or 'it' and it refers to 'Apfel' or apple. You can replace 'Es' with the object -- in this case 'Apfel'. If you do that, you'll come up with the true statement: The apple is the apple (Der Apfel ist der Apfel) or An apple is an apple (Ein Apfel ist ein Apfel).
In German, predicate nouns are in the nominative case. Predicate nouns follow a form of the 'to be' (sein) verb.
Can you also use "Das" to say something like "Das Wasser" meaning "that water"?
Ein is supposed to be 'a' why now use as 'an' which originally supposed to be "eine = an?.. i need clarity
'An' is the same as 'a' but is used before a word that begins with a vowel.
A car, a truck, a building.
An apple, an ice cream, an instrument, an ocelot, an elementary school, etc.
It is simply because saying a apple, a orange is more difficult to pronouce clearly. So the 'n' is added.
So, ein, eine, eines, einen, einem etc., can be translated as either 'a' or 'an' depending upon the first letter in the next word (noun or adjective). Thus: a man, but an old man; an old woman, but a woman.
Ich sehe einen Apfel. --> I see an apple.
Ich sehe ein Auto. --> I see a car.
Ich sehe einen Elefant --> I see an Elephant
Geben Sie einem Elefant einen Apfel und eine Erdbeere. --> Give an Elephant an apple and a strawberry.
"Das ist ein Apfel"="This is an apple" and not that ... for "that is an apple" the correct answer is "dass ist ein Apfel" with 2s ...
Dass apfel = that appel, das apfel = the apple, diese apfel = this apple ... so ... i still don't think the exercise is right ... i will ask some german colegues anyway ... 10q 4 the reply :)
"dass Apfel" is definitely wrong since "dass" is not an article. "Apfel" is masculine -> "der Apfel", "dieser Apfel" ...