French Approximate Pronunciation
These are for the patterns in reading French that I've compiled recently.
-e vs. -es (in two or three-letter word):
-e, in two-letter words such as "je","le","te","de" or "me" is pronounced as /uh/. To differentiate it with the -es sound in three-letter words such as "les","tes","des" or "mes", -es is pronounced as /è/
Cette vs. c'est
Cette pronounces even the last -te, while "c'est" is /sèt/ (Edit: /sèt/ is only done when there's a liaison)
est vs. et
Est is more like an /e/ while "et" is more like a /y/
que vs. qui
"que" is more like /quh/ while qui is like "key"
fils vs. fille vs. filles vs. fil
"fils" (son) is /fis/, the ll in "fille(s)" sounds like the Spanish "ll", "fil" pronounces the "l"
- oi(e/s/t) -- /wah/ or /ua/
- oir(e) -- /wahr/
- age -- the age in camouflage
- eau(x) -- /oh/
- eu(x) -- /uh/ or /ò/
- auge -- /awzh/ (the /zh/ is like in the Chinese "Zhengzhou", or the "ge" in "George")
- ouge -- /oozh/
- ng -- /nj/ (the ng in sponge)
- (a/e)il(le) -- /ay/ or /eyy/
- ouil(le) -- more like the oui but slower and the i is closer to y than being an i /ouiyy/
- ai(t/s/ent) -- /è/
- gn -- /ñ/ (I noticed that even in Italian, the "gn" is like the Spanish ñ)
- euil(le) -- /oy/
Hope this helps, but if some phonemes are slightly off, tell me, or maybe I've missed some more phonemes, I'm grateful to accept any suggestions.