https://www.duolingo.com/AronTrinidad

French Approximate Pronunciation

These are for the patterns in reading French that I've compiled recently.

  1. -e vs. -es (in two or three-letter word):
    -e, in two-letter words such as "je","le","te","de" or "me" is pronounced as /uh/. To differentiate it with the -es sound in three-letter words such as "les","tes","des" or "mes", -es is pronounced as /è/

  2. Cette vs. c'est
    Cette pronounces even the last -te, while "c'est" is /sèt/ (Edit: /sèt/ is only done when there's a liaison)

  3. est vs. et
    Est is more like an /e/ while "et" is more like a /y/

  4. que vs. qui
    "que" is more like /quh/ while qui is like "key"

  5. fils vs. fille vs. filles vs. fil
    "fils" (son) is /fis/, the ll in "fille(s)" sounds like the Spanish "ll", "fil" pronounces the "l"

French Phonemes.

  1. oi(e/s/t) -- /wah/ or /ua/
  2. oir(e) -- /wahr/
  3. age -- the age in camouflage
  4. eau(x) -- /oh/
  5. eu(x) -- /uh/ or /ò/
  6. auge -- /awzh/ (the /zh/ is like in the Chinese "Zhengzhou", or the "ge" in "George")
  7. ouge -- /oozh/
  8. ng -- /nj/ (the ng in sponge)
  9. (a/e)il(le) -- /ay/ or /eyy/
  10. ouil(le) -- more like the oui but slower and the i is closer to y than being an i /ouiyy/
  11. ai(t/s/ent) -- /è/
  12. gn -- /ñ/ (I noticed that even in Italian, the "gn" is like the Spanish ñ)
  13. euil(le) -- /oy/

Hope this helps, but if some phonemes are slightly off, tell me, or maybe I've missed some more phonemes, I'm grateful to accept any suggestions.

February 25, 2018

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/LICA98

Cette vs. c'est

Cette pronounces even the last -te, while "c'est" is /sèt/

cette = /sɛt/ (final e may be pronounced as ə but that is non-standard)
c'est = /sɛ/ or /se/ (t is pronounced only when there is a liaison)

February 25, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/AronTrinidad

I cannot type that open e, so I sticked (stuck?) with the è :/ I know what you're pointing, I could imagine the voice in my head, it is that, I don't know what phonemes to use in that case. Thank you for that info :)

February 25, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/AshTheKitten

If you don't mind I'm going to copy and paste this into a document <: This helps immensely, thank you!

February 25, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/AronTrinidad

Sure :)

February 25, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/rikamey

Merci beaucoup!

February 25, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/RARITY0215

Thanks for attaching this page for me :)

February 26, 2018
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