"The girls have the latest skirts."
Translation:Les filles ont les dernières jupes.
I'm now confused because Duolingo tells me that 'dernières' means final or last, but in this translation it means latest. Somebody please explain to me how this works.
im having trouble differing between "é" and "è" (i can barely make out the direction on my chromebook for starters)
No, in fact most adjectives follow the noun. Have a read of this article:
While it's true that most adjectives follow the noun, ordinal adjectives like premier, deuxième, dernier, énième... are almost always used before the noun.
The only cases when you could find an ordinal after its noun is in the title of the first chapter of a book, "chapitre premier", and in the title of kings like "François Ier", though with numbers greater than ones, cardinal numbers are used instead, like "Louis XVI" which is 'Louis seize' and not 'Louis seizième'.
i kinda see why it's 'ont' but not 'sont', but just to double confirm- does 'sont' work as 'ont' after a french noun ending with 's'?
I don't really understand your question but I think you are referring to "elision". As you said:
it's 'ont' but not 'sont'
That's because "Ils / elles ont" = "They have"
and "Ils / elles sont" = "They are"
But, in a sentence like "Les filles ont ..." = "The girls have ..."
however it is pronounced, due to elision, *Les fille s-ont...".
I hope that helps ☺
Actually there is no liaison between filles and ont, and even if there were one it would be pronounced differently from les filles sont (for instance 'elles sont' /εl.sõ/ and 'elles ont' /εl.zõ/ are pronounced differently).
And by the way, it's called 'liaison', elision might sound similar but it's pretty much the opposite phenomenon ^^
Yes, of course!! And I meant liaison but I was wrong anyway! Stupid me - otherwise how would you tell the difference between "The girls are... " and "The girls have..." → they would both sound the same with liaison!
Yes, the latest, the most recently produced, most probably from the latest trends/fashions.
I wrote "les filles ont les plus dernieres jupes" and was marked wrong. Am I wrong?
"latest" translates to "dernières" or "plus récentes". The adjective "dernière" is not used in comparative and it also means "last" or "latter".