https://www.duolingo.com/IronCore864

Es ist kein Käse / Ich esse keinen Käse

Why "It is no cheese." uses "kein",

while "I don't eat cheese" uses "keinen" ?

Aren't they both Accusative Case thus keinen?

Really confused here

February 28, 2018

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/tonino1984

Check "copula" on Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copula_(linguistics)

The "copula" always goes in nominative case, in German.

In all the other cases, the complements go in either accusative (for direct/transitive verbs) or dative (for indirect/intransitive verbs) cases.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Complement_(linguistics)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transitive_verb

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intransitive_verb

Genitive does not usually complement a verb (might be wrong here, but I can't think or recall any such instance) .

February 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/IronCore864

Thanks very much. This actually explains it! Since I'm not native English speaker either it's hard for me to google since I don't even know the word "copula" haha not to mention in German copula goes with nominative case. Thanks again!

February 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Max.Em

Gen. complements are rare, but there are some verbs like sich erinnern, gedenken, beschuldigen, sich bemächtigen or sich annehmen that are used with genitives.

February 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/jzsuzsi

Es ist kein Käse. It is not a cheese. In this sentence, Käse is in the nominative case. The subject of the sentence is "es" , but there is equality between "es" and "Käse" , so I guess Käse can be treated like the subject.

But in Ich esse keinen Käse, Käse is in the accusative case.

February 28, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Marie973350

"Ich esse keinen Käse" is correct.

If you want to say "He does not eat cheese" that would be "Er isst keinen Käse", so isst with double s and keinen with en at the end.

You sentence "Er ist kein Käse" made me smile a bit, because that means "He is not a cheese" like in "He is a human being, not a cheese."

Edit: Seems like I read too quickly, ES ist kein Käse means of course IT is no cheese. Sorry, my mistake.

February 28, 2018
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