https://www.duolingo.com/jnolly

Native Speakers Using Imperfect Instead of Imperfect Subjunctive

jnolly
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Hi, everyone. In a book I'm reading (La Distancia Entre Nosotros by Reyna Grande), the author writes this sentence: "Una vez mas, senti miendo al pensar que si no lograbamos cruzar esta tercera vez, ibamos a perder la oportunidad de tener a nuestro padre de nuevo en nuestras vidas."

When I read this sentence, alarm bells sounded in my head because she used the imperfect form of lograr. Shouldn't this be lograramos (subjunctive imperfect), not lograbamos? Why did the author choose to write it like this? Thanks!

My second question is this: do native speakers often (incorrectly but commonly) use hubiera instead of habria? I heard a friend say the other day "te hubiera llamado, pero...". Shouldn't this be "te habria llamado"?

Thanks in advance for your replies!

8 months ago

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Chilotin
Chilotin
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No, it is imperfect. "Si no lográramos" is for future but she is speaking about past, then it is mandatory imperfect of indicative.

The second question is more complicated. I think the two choices can be right depending of context or intention, but they don't mean the same. I would say "hubiera" in your example.

8 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/DSMby
DSMby
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el imperfecto puede ser usado como el futuro en el pasado, y asi lo usa la autora

8 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AlexLG07

"Te hubiera llamado, pero se me olvidó hacerlo" is more natural and for an excuse and I use it more that "te habría llamado".

8 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/paulmexicodf

theres kind of three answers to this 1. grammatically any tense, aspect, mood, or voice can be used in a si clause just look at Cervantes, 2., Linguistically certain aspects and tense are generally not used e.g. future subjunctive 3. certain aspects are preferred over others e,g, preterit over imperfect.

At the end of the day unless the book as a grammar book people use language to describe meaning, there is a huge difference in meaning between the indicative and subjuctive meanings of the sentence, just like in English.

8 months ago
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