Grammatical case help
Can anybody help me with the grammatical cases for german? I'm trying to progress through the German tree but it's hard when i keep using the wrong cases
Nominative case includes the subject and the predicate nominative which comes after the verb "to be" : He is a man. Both "he" and "man" are in the nominative case. Keep in mind that in this sentence he=man, it is the same person.
Accusative case includes the direct object and then you must learn which prepositions also take accusative case.
Dative case includes the indirect object and then you must learn which prepositions (and there are more of them) take the dative case. You must also learn which verbs take the dative case.
"I throw the ball to you." or "I throw you the ball." is "Ich werfe dir den Ball zu." I is in nominative case, the ball is in accusative case and "you" (to you) is in dative case.
Another example: "I write her a letter." or "I write a letter to her." Now, I bring this up, because unlike the other example, we could say "I write her." Most verbs cannot have an indirect object without a direct object, but this one can and there are German verbs that take an indirect object. Another English verb example" I will tell her. (Something is understood - maybe a secret, a story, but definitely some words or even at least one word.) Now, keep in mind that German has way more verbs that take Dative than we do.
Genitive case includes ownership. Some prepositions require genitive case.
Some verbs require accusative (more of them) and some require dative case.
Scroll down to get all the information at that link and it does include links to lists of prepositions and verbs that require a particular case.