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How can I differentiate "Il mange" from "Ils mangent" just by pronunciation?
I have learned over the lessons in duolingo that same thing, always translate in context.
je mange, tu manges, il/elle/on mange, nous mangeons, vous mangez, ils/elles mangent.
In English, the verb has only two forms in the Simple Present eat / eats (three forms for the verb be : am, are, is)
In French, we have one form per subject
Il / elle/ on mangE
ils / elles mangENT
Hope this helps
second one sounds like he is eating on a train xD
"en train de" = ... means what exactly? Is it there to say it is doing right now?
why did mange change to manger? Does it still mean eats
"être en train de" would be the translation of progressive present in English. Be +ING means the action is taking place under your nose, it is the same with "être en train de".
"il mange" is correct, il manges is not:
je mange, tu manges, il/elle/on mange, nous mangeons, vous mangez, ils/elles mangent.
In the old days, "on" was just "one", and it is still used as such in both languages.
In modern French, "on" is either someone you don't name (voluntarily or not) or an easy substitute to "nous" (we).
- on a cassé un verre = someone broke a glass (in context: I wish the one who did it would raise his/her hand)
- on doit vider la poubelle = someone has to empty the waste bin (in context: preferably you).
- on est allé au cinéma et on a bu un verre = we went to the movie theater and had a drink: this is a way to simplify conjugations that are always longer with "nous".
"Il" means it and he, and "est" means he, she, it and is, how do i know witch one to use in time?
"il" can be a male human being = he
"il" can be an object, a concept, and animal = it
"il" can be an impersonal pronoun (il est nécessaire de...) = it
I am a newbie. How can I tell when to use mange and manges? What is the rule of thumb, please?
"manger" is the infinitive (to eat), ie the non-conjugated form of the verb.
Verb "manger" conjugated in present:
- je mange, tu manges, il/elle/on mange, nous mangeons, vous mangez, ils/elles mangent.
The verb "to be" is être in French. This is how it is conjugated:
I am = je suis
You are = tu es
He/she is = il/elle est
We are = nous sommes
You (plural) are = vous êtes
They are = ils/elles sont
So es and est are the conjugated second person and third person forms of the verb être.
Elle is pronounced [EL] like the letter L
If you want to hear the proper way to pronounce French words, you can go to www.forvo.com and type the word in and you can hear it said by French natives.
Here is the link for elle so you can play it the sound: http://www.forvo.com/word/elle/#fr
Another good place is Google Translate but only for sound, the translations are usually wrong: https://translate.google.com/#auto/en/elle
In English, to mean that an action is in progress at the time you speak, you use the continuous verbal form, ie verb BE + action verb in the gerund form (-ing). o he is eating means he currently eats In French, this verbal form does not exist (directly translated “il est mangeant” is incorrect). Therefore, you can translate either “il mange” or “il est en train de manger”, where the construction verb être + en train de + infinitive correctly expresses the English continuous form.
Is there any difference in the sound of "il mange" and "ils mangent" in French? I typed in both for the answer for the transcription of the audio for this phrase, but the program said that only "il mange" was correct.
No, there is no difference and that is why both versions are accepted by Duolingo.
But it seems one has to put one or the other, not both, as the "answer" in Duolingo. Or, is there a way to specify both possibilities in one's answer?
Unless you are proposed a list of 3 possible answers for you to tick one or 2, you cannot type down 2 solutions when you are required to translate or when you are dictated a French sentence.
In any event, as I said if there are alternative, correct answers and you propose one of them, Duo will accept it.
Yes, because continuous tenses do not exist in French.
If you really mean that we are in the process of eating at the time you speak, you can translate it to: "je suis en train de manger", with verb être (conjugated) + en train de + verb in infinitive.
so, third person is written and pronounced the same as first person ? "mange" for both ?
That's right and also valid for all other 1st group verbs, i.e. with the infinitive ending in -er (70% of French verbs).
Je mange = I eat; I am eating
Tu manges = You eat; you are eating
Il/elle mange = He/she eats; he/she is eating
Nous mangeons = we eat; we are eating
Vous mangez = you eat; you are eating (Please note that vous is a way to address more than one person (plural of you), as well as a respectful way to address someone (singular) you are not familiar with or who is more senior than you)
Ils/elles mangent = they eat; they are eating (If a group is made of all males or all females, you use ils or elles respectively; but if the group has both sexes, then you use ils)
Does "il" mean "it" AND "he"? There is another phrase "il est rouge" (or something of that equivalent), just want to check if there's any distinctions that can be made between the two.
What's to say we are referring to an animal that is eating (but don't know its gender)?
You have to make a clear separation between biological gender (male or female) and grammatical gender (masculine or feminine) : we can have both a male and a female horse, both would be called un cheval (masculine word) in French, unless we really wanted to specify that it was a female horse (a mare) : une jument. We have the opposite with a giraffe (girafe is feminine in French, but the feminine word can refer to the male animal).
All of that being said, when we don't want to specify the biological gender of the animal in French, we simply use the simple form of the noun, whether it is masculine or feminine has no importance. So il does not mean both "he" and "it" at the same time, it can mean both, but it depends on context (just like elle can mean both "she" and "it").
The reason is that French does not have a Present Continuous tense. For example, the French "Il mange" may be translated as either "He eats" or "He is eating". This is true for virtually all verbs of action.
Well, to emphasize the present continuous you could say "Il est en train de manger".
Sure, but the "être en train de" phrase is far less frequent than Present continuous. Most of the time, we use adverbs : He is eating : il mange / il mange, là / il mange maintenant or we say : il est à table
With verb conjugations, a final 's' doesn't represent a plural. The final syllable is dependent on the subject. So the conjugation for first group verbs (verbs ending in-er in their infinitive form, except aller) are as follows :
I keep entering he eats (the correct answer) and it is repeatedly marked wrong .
If it is a multiple-choice question, you have to tick "he is eating" as well.
In these exercises, you have to tick ALL correct answers, which means that if 2 are correct, you have to tick those 2.
Im confused with accents so why do we use accents on the top of some letters
So, it shows "Il mange." and gave me "It" or "she" and "eats" so i chose she, it told me i was wrong and said the answer is "It eats" which isn't something anyone would ever say in English, then when i come here to the comments, it still shows "Il mange" but has it translated to "He eats" which i would have picked if it was an option... Just saying, this android app is still quite buggy :(
What is the diffrence between mangent,manges,and mange. (Ada org indonesia gak? )
Does manges, mangeons, mangez and mangent have the same pronounciation as mange?
mange, manges and mangent have the same pronunciation: the end sound is [ʒ]
manger, mangez, mangé(e): end sound [ʒeh]
mangeons: end sound [ʒɔ̃]
Please, try them on Google Translate to hear the differences.
By its subject :
- je mange -> I eat
- tu manges -> you (singular and informal) eat
- il/elle/on mange -> he/she/it/one eats
- nous mangeons -> we eat
- vous mangez -> you (plural or formal) eat
- ils/elles mangent -> they eat
Verb conjugation is both an essential part of the French language (and many others), and a difficult part that, unfortunately, has to be learnt (mostly by heart, especially for irregular ones, like être = "to be", avoir = "to have" and aller = "to go").
The good thing though, is that there are dictionaries made only for conjugations, and a few very good and free ones are also available online. Check these two out, and save them for future reference :
- WordReference, also a very good FR - EN (and EN - other languages) collaborative dictionary, has a good forum for things that are not in the regular translations.
- Verbix, a very effective website for verbs in many languages, the best part about this one is that you can search the conjugated form directly (even without specifying the language, it will give you all possible answers across many languages, when they exist), whereas almost all others will give results only if you search the infinitive form (manger instead of mangent).
Don't get discouraged though, many verbs are regular, and follow a pattern. The most common one is the one manger follows, we call them 1st group verbs : the regular ones ending in -er.
Here are the indicative present conjugations of être and avoir :
And here is aller :
It is not wrong: if you are describing what your dog is doing right now, this is a perfectly correct translation.
I wanted to ask this question earlier but the comment sections were locked. Why cant I say Un orange? Or Une Orange? Or Le orange or la orange? How can you tell whether a fruit is female or male
Nouns are gendered. All of them and not according to a category, but most often from their etymology (Latin, Greek, other).
une orange is feminine, un kiwi is masculine, une poire (pear) is feminine, un abricot (apricot) is masculine...
I'm loosing the will to live with this, I'm getting by with my school boy French but not learning anything new. There's no actual lessons. I have to google things, there seems to be an assumption you are totally conversant with al grammatical terms and their meanings. The drop downs only offer cold unexplained conjugations.
There are Tips and Notes to help you in every skill, that you can read at the bottom of the main page in each unit or in every sentence exercise.
In addition, everything is explained on the sentence forums (including this very thread (128 comments).
If you don't see any of these on your screen, you may need to use the web site on a PC.
For grammar jargon and definitions: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/4614759
I have started using the PC. My partner is using the Spanish version & it provides more immediate information & explanations with each learning point by touching. It doesn't work on the French version.
There are some explanations in the Tips & Notes sections and in the discussions associated to each sentences, like Sitesurf said, but I agree Duolingo is not always the best way to learn grammar notions about a language. It was first designed to teach a language by imitation, trial and error, just like children do, but it was decided not too long after it was launched to add these features.
The good news is there are hundreds of very well made and freely available resources on the internet that get this part of language study better than Duolingo does. Some people have listed some of them in the unofficial Duolingo wiki.
Don't despair. I know learning a foreign language is hard, especially the first one we learn, but there are both resources and people out there who like to help for free.
Thanks. I've established that because I'm using Safari some of the support elements aren't available. But it's better than the iPad version. And that the Spanish course is a slightly different format. I'll check out those links. I found Learn French Online with Pascal is also great for grammar.