Unofficial Glosa Course - Lesson 1 - An introduction to the Glosa language.
Ave panto-pe! and Welcome to my first lesson of the Unofficial Glosa Course.
Introduction - What is Glosa?
Glosa (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glosa) is a conlang that was created by Ronald Clark and Wendy Ashby. It is based on another conlang called Interglossa. Since I am somewhat familiar with the Glosa language, I decided to share my knowledge of Glosa and start these lessons. Please note that I am not a fluent Glosa speaker, but merely a learner.
The Alphabet and Phonology of the Glosa language.
The Glosa alphabet is the following, along with its IPA phonemes:
A - /a/
B - /b/
C - /t͡ʃ/ (as in church)
D - /d/
E - /e/
F - /f/
G - /g/
H - /h/
I - /i/
J - /j/ (as in yes)
K - /k/
L - /l/
M - /m/
N - /n/
O - /ɔ/
P - /p/
Q - /kw/
R - /r/ (preferably trilled)
S - /s/
T - /t/
U - /u/
V - /v/
W - /w/
X - /ks/
Z - /z/
SC - /ʃ/ (as in shoe)
The stress is generally placed in the last vowel.
A/the - U (before all consonants except h) or Un (before all vowels and h)
I, me my - Mi
You, your - Tu
She, her - Fe
He, him, his - An
It, its - Id
We, us, our - Na
You, your - Vi (plural)
They, them, their - Mu
To be - De es
To have - De habe
To like - De amo
To eat - De vora
To drink - De bibe
To learn - De disci
Man - Andro (or Homi)
Woman - Fe (or Femina)
Boy - Ju-an
Girl - Ju-fe
Apple - Pomi
Bread - Pani
Water - Aqa
Milk - Lakti
Dog - Kani
Cat - Feli
In Glosa, the word order is SVO (Subject-Verb-Object), just like in English. Glosa is very simple and easy to learn; for example, verbs do not conjugate! There is no grammatical gender also.
To make the present tense, simple drop ''de''. For example :
To be : De es. / I am : Mi es.
It's that simple.
To make the simple past tense, first drop ''de'' and then add ''pa'' before the verb. For example :
To have : De habe. / You had : Tu pa habe.
To make the simple future tense, first drop ''de'' and then add ''fu'' before the verb. For example:
To like : De amo. / He will like : An fu amo.
Now, let's have some fun and make a few sentences in Glosa!
(Remember, verbs don't conjugate!)
I am a man - Mi es un andro/homi.
You are a woman - Tu es u fe/femina.
He is a boy - An es u ju-an.
She is a girl - Fe es u ju-fe.
We have a cat - Na habe u feli.
You (plural) had a dog - Vi pa habe un kani.
They will have an apple - Mu fu habe u pomi.
I like apples - Mi amo plu pomi. (NOTE: To make a noun plural in Glosa, simply add plu before it. See how easy Glosa is?!)
You like bread - Tu amo pani.
She ate bread - Fe pa vora pani.
We will drink water - Na fu bibe aqa.
You (plural) drank milk - Vi pa bibe lakti.
They are learning Glosa - Mu (du*) disci Glosa.
*Note, ''du'' may be added before the present tense to change it to the continuous present, but this isn't necessary.
I like learning Glosa! - Mi amo disci Glosa!
You like to learn Glosa. - Tu amo de disci Glosa.
If you want to make a question in Glosa, you don't have to change the word order. Simply add the particle Qe at the beginning of a sentence.
I learned Glosa : Mi pa disci Glosa.
Did I learn Glosa? : Qe mi pa disci Glosa?
I hope you enjoyed my first Glosa lesson. If I made any mistakes, please correct me. Thanks for reading!
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