"You and I are friends."
Translation:Tú y yo somos amigos.
Somos is the nosotros conjugation of ser. It means "we are" and is used when you're talking about a group that includes the speaker ("we").
Son is the ellos/ellas and ustedes form of ser, so it translates as "they are" or "you are". It's used when you're talking to a group ("you", plural), or about a group that doesn't include the speaker or the listener ("they").
Sorry, but yours doesn't explain much. These links do much better. https://www.duolingo.com/skill/es/To-Be%3A-Ser_Estar/tips-and-notes http://www.spanishdict.com/answers/100040/ser-vs.-estar
Yes. Call it what you will, but in Romance languages, a group is feminine only if it is exclusively comprised of women. If a single man is included, it is masculine. At minimum, this is the case for Spanish and French, but this may also be out of date as it was a rule of thumb I learned in middle school French over a decade ago.
I was always taught in class that ser was for permanence, whereas estar is for things that may change (rough rule). I'm coming back to learning the grammar again after stepping away from it for years, so I'm just curious why 'we are friends' is not a state that would/could change (therefore using estar).
Are there exceptions that I have missed along the way, or is it that some things just are what they are in Spanish (as with other languages)?
The temporary vs permanent distinction is vastly over-relied on. It creates a major oversimplification. Here are some links:
https://www.spanishdict.com/guide/ser-vs-estar http://studyspanish.com/grammar/lessons/serest3 A quote from this: “the fundamental difference between ser and estar – essence or condition (“what” something is v. “how” something is.” (the state of things)
http://www.spanish.bz/blog/2004/06/lesson-from-newsletter-49descriptions.htm “Estar + past participle is used to describe the state of things, or how things seem right at the moment (but not necessarily permanently). “
la puerta está cerrada = the door is closed.
Los perros están perdidos = the dogs are lost
The permanence vs temporary is vastly overused/ believed. It is a unfortunate simplification.
Here is another version: "The verb estar is used for health and location [in the past tense] while ser is used for everything else. " https://www.brighthubeducation.com/learning-spanish/9061-using-ser-and-estar-in-the-past-tense/
You have to see who that resulting group consists of. Since the speaker is including themself in the group they're talking about, the resulting group will be a "we", so you have to use somos here. Basically, "You and I, we are friends."
Which exact translation of "you" you use here doesn't matter. It'll always be somos.
We need to learn all the possible translations. And Duolingo needs to provide them. I am not talking about the many ways stuff can be said in English here.
There is no reason why Duolingo shoukd let us know whether the answer should be amigo or amiga. Either should always work. And if either does not then both aren't in the database as correct answers. And whichever isn't needs to be reported so it can be included.
I understand...unless you were trying to be humorous...is that funny in Latin culture?...for example, if I were talking to a male friend and wanted to return something I borrowed from him I would say "here you are SIR, thank you"...in a cute way...does that make sense? or is that just weird in Latin culture? (I understand "sir" mean "senor" however I wanted to stress using the formal language opposed to informal. Thanks for the reply!
First time I used "Tu" - it said I was wrong it is Ustedes Next time I used "Ustedes", it said I was wrong, it's "Tu". Which is it!!!!???? Talk about confusing people!! Maybe this is why they want you to pay for it, so they can give a straight forward answer with specific gender in the question.
Kevin, you can just say "somos amigos", but adding "tú y yo" makes it more clear who you're talking about. Just like with the English "we", the nosotros form only says that you're talking about two or more people, one of which is you. So it can represent "tú/usted y yo", "él/ella y yo", "ustedes y yo", "ellos/ellas y yo" or any combination thereof.