Feminine VS Masculine
Does anyone know an easy way to tell which words are feminine and which are masculine? I really need help here. . .
There's a little blip about it under the Animals lesson. Just for convenience here it is:
French has two grammatical genders: masculine and feminine. All nouns have a gender, and most nouns have a fixed gender. For instance, la pomme is always feminine and un bébé ("a baby") is always masculine, even for baby girls.However, some nouns can have multiple genders depending on the situation, and many masculine nouns can be changed to a feminine form simply by adding an -e to the end. Your male friend is un ami and your female friend is une amie. Some nouns, like l'élève("the student"), have the same spelling and meaning for both gender forms. Other nouns may have the same spelling, but different genders and meanings. For instance, un tour (masculine) is a tour, while une tour (feminine) is a tower. Some genders depend on a noun's classification. For instance, languages, days of the week, months, seasons, metals, colors, and measurements are mostly masculine. Otherwise, memorizing word endings is the best way to guess genders. We'll learn these ending patterns in four steps: First: Nouns ending in -e tend to be feminine. All others, especially nouns ending in consonants, tend to be masculine. This is true for over 70% of all nouns. Second: Nouns that have the endings -ion and -son tend to be feminine, even though they end in consonants. Third: Nouns with these endings are usually masculine, although they end in -e: -tre, -ble, -cle (think "treble clef") -one, -ème, -ège (think "OMG") -age, -isme Fourth: Watch out for these complications: -é is masculine, but -té is feminine. le résumé (masc) — the resumé la liberté (fem) — the liberty -de is masculine, but -ade, -nde, and -ude are feminine. le guide — the guide la parade — the parade -ste and -me tend to be masculine, but there are dozens of exceptions. Words for people ending in -ste are often gender-neutral, e.g. le/la cycliste. -eur is masculine for most professions or technical terms, but it's feminine for some emotions and abstract things. le chauffeur — the driver la peur — the fear
In the grammar of French, all nouns are classified into either masculine or feminine.
In French there is no neuter/common/inanimate/...etc. grammatical genders.
This is an interesting article of grammatical genders in many languages from Wiki.
Also check out Gender neutral French pronouns, cool!
Genders are hard to know and for a lot you just have to know them. Your not the only one, don't worry. A lot of people struggle with it. For some adjectives, you add an e to make them feminine for example amusant would change to amusante whilst others which end in eux such as genereux, you would change the eux to euse. But, also some don't change at all such as modeste and stays with an e for both masculine and feminine. To get better at it, try learning words with their articles.