"You are hungry."
Translation:Du hast Hunger.
German verbs are conjugated more (?) than in English. In English the verb "have" only has two forms in present tense: I, you, we, you (plural), they HAVE; he/she/it HAS. In German there are multiple forms, seen here: http://goo.gl/ekG3H
I have = ich habe
we have = wir haben; they have = sie haben; *you have = Sie haben
*That version of you is a formal/polite version...kind of like "thou" in ye olde English.
Hope that helps!
Ihr = you (plural)
In German, there are different words for "you." If you are talking to one person, you use "du." If you are talking to more than one person, you use "ihr." If you want to show respect to the person you're talking to, like a professor, or someone you do not know well, you use "Sie." Because there are no differences between polite you, singular you and plural you in English, this sentence can be written three different ways in German.
hungrig is an adjective.
From a grammatical point of view, it would be simple ich bin hungrig, du bist hungrig, er ist hungrig etc.
However, from a practical point of view, it's much more common to use ich habe Hunger, du hast Hunger, er hat Hunger etc. and not use hungrig as a predicative adjective.
Hey, why not "du sind hunger"?
- du sind is never correct. The verb form sind is for wir or sie.
- hunger is not a German word.
- in German, we talk literally of "having hunger" (having the feeling) rather than "being hungry" (being in that state) -- so we would say du hast Hunger (literally: "you have hunger") for "you are hungry". Note the capitalisation of Hunger, since it's a noun.
Why can't we say 'du habt hunger'? What is the difference between habt and hast?
Different forms of the same verb. You have to pick the one that matches the subject.
- du hast = you have (talking to one person)
- ihr habt = you have (talking to several people at once)
du habt or ihr hast are simply wrong -- a bit like saying "I has" or "she have": the verb doesn't match the subject.
How do you know when an object is masculine or feminine or neuter?
You have to look it up in a dictionary and memorise the answer.
You usually can't tell the gender of a word just by looking at it.
And there are even words which look the same but have different genders... e.g. der Leiter = the leader, die Leiter = the ladder; das Bauer = the (bird) cage, der Bauer = the farmer.