List of Possessiveartikel for Nominative
I was somewhat surprised that there isn't a module for possessive articles (at least, not until this point), and they are definitely important. In fact, this module requires some previous knowledge on them, so I googled them before finishing the pronouns. It's not that hard to memorize (at least on the nominative case), but it's really important.
Here you go, feel free to add them to the lesson if you find it useful:
Pronoun - Masculine / Feminine / Neuter / Plural (ENGLISH)
1st sing. (ich) - mein / meine / mein / meine (MY)
2nd sing. (du) - dein / deine / dein / deine (YOUR)
3rd sing. (er) - sein / seine / sein / seine (HIS)
3rd sing. (sie) - ihr / ihre / ihr / ihre (HER)
3rd sing. (es) - sein / seine / sein / seine (ITS)
1st plu. (wir) - unser / unsere / unser / unsere (OUR)
2nd plu. (ihr) - euer / eure / euer / eure (YOUR)
3rd plu. (sie) - ihr / ihre / ihr / ihre (THEIR)
Formal (Sie) - Ihr / Ihre / Ihr / Ihre (YOUR)
1) For AKKUSATIV, apply the same logic as the definite articles (M - den ; F - die ; N - das ; Pl - die):
a) add an -en to the end of the masculine (meinen; deinen; seinen; ihren; seinen; unseren; euren; ihren; Ihren);
b) feminine, neuter and plural remain the same as NOMINATIVE;
2) For DATIV, apply the same logic as the definite articles (M - dem ; F - der ; N - dem ; Pl - den):
a) add an -em to the end of masculine (meinem; deinem; seinem; ihrem; seinem; unserem; eurem; ihrem; Ihrem);
b) add an -er to the end of feminine (meiner; deiner; seiner; ihrer; seiner; unserer; eurer; ihrer; Ihrer);
c) add an -em to the end of neuter (meinem; deinem; seinem; ihrem; seinem; unserem; eurem; ihrem; Ihrem);
d) add an -en to the end of plural (meinen; deinen; seinen; ihren; seinen; unseren; euren; ihren; Ihren).
It looks daunting, but try to write down on paper (drawing a table helps) and you will be fine after a while.
EDIT: Just a link to a web picture of a table where you can visualize better the different possessiv articles for the 3 cases: http://almancam.com/silan/isd/yukle/db/resimupload/possessivartikels.jpg Draw this on paper and keep it next to the notebook/paper to help. You'll be amazed how quickly this becomes trivial and automatic, and not as scary as it looks at first glance.
The above could be added as a table when we highlight such words!! Will be very useful
Great work!! thanks
I also found a nice list here: http://deutsch.lingolia.com/en/grammar/pronouns/possessive-pronouns
You are correct. I did that on purpose so as not to confuse too much, since GENITIV is usually B1+ material. Mixing it at this point only adds complexity to learner's heads.
Nevertheless, if someone is interested, for GENITIV you add the -es for MASKULINE and NEUTER, and add -er for FEMININ and PLURAL. This follows from the declinations you learn on the definite articles, which for GENITIV are: M: DES / F: DER / N: DES / PLU: DER.
So, for instance, for possession on 1st person singular: Masc: MEINES / Femin: MEINER / Neut: MEINES / PLUR: MEINER.
I wrote it out, for extra practice, and keep it next to the pc and find it invaluable. Many thanks.
very helpful post. Just got one question. For example: duolingo request to translate "that is my wife". They accept as a correct translation: "diese ist meine Frau", but they also sujest "das ist meine Frau", can you explain from where this "das" came from? It's not on your table.
@jul10bcn : As you go through the exercises and sentences you will see more examples of das ist, which basically means, as you said, "that is".
Say you show a picture of your wife to someone who doesn't know her yet, and you say Das ist meine Frau. I hope this helps.
well, your example makes sense, Maybe I've got to get used to the fact that there's no so much info about the distance of an object related to the speaker within the "artikel" itself as much that this info is provided by the context.
I would like to make a contribution regarding on the subject of Possessiveartikel, Personal Pronouns, Definite and undefinite articles, for all the cases in the german language (nominativ, akkusativ, dativ and genitiv). Please feel free to point out any mistake, since this is a document that I created for my own understanding of the subject because it has been a chaos for me. https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B6jsgdBFzRrZVHY0VmVhOHphckk/edit?usp=sharing
On a quick diagonal view, I'd say it is all right and correct. However, I would do it differently. I would not separate tables on a "case" criteria (1 page for each case); I would make a different page for different things: 1 for possessiv articles, 1 for determined articles, 1 for undetermined articles, and so on... ; each one of them with the declensions for the 4 cases. This would be a good example of what I am talking about: http://almancam.com/silan/isd/yukle/db/resimupload/possessivartikels.jpg . On this picture, you get to learn the general rule about possessiv articles, and the lines/columns teach you the declension depending on the pronoun and the case. To me, that's easier than learning a case one at a time. But it's just a learning method. Don't take this as a criticism (I think doing these tables helps a lot in a language like German and you've done a good job), but in the end everyone learns differently and it's only a matter of opinion. Me, I overcame the grammar on articles some months ago, and after using them so many times, I don't confuse them anymore. It looks scary and confusing, and sometimes you doubt you can memorize all this, but don't give up and you'll make it!
thanks for the insight, this doc was originally made as an .xls document the only problem was that I did it in a "comprehension spree" and had no time for editing so I just shared it like this. The original document shows a reverse order, just the way you suggested it but it's very large..
Woah thank you very much for your time! This makes so much sense now. I'm amazed that this hasn't been covered earlier. It is the basic stuff I guess.. Thanks again though!
I going to start memorizing everything. and thanks I was so confused when using this in the sentences.
Awesome explanation luis.oliveira! It was particularly helpful how you clearly stated what stays the same and what changes in the accusative and dative cases and the general guidelines to follow. Kudos to you!!